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Is there a glass ceiling in Morocco? Evidence from matched worker-firm data

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  • Christophe Nordman

    ()
    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • François-Charles Wolff

    ()
    (LEN, Université de Nantes, CNAV, INED)

Abstract

(english) According to the glass ceiling hypothesis evidenced in developed countries, there exist larger gender pay gaps at the upper tail of the wage distribution. In this paper, we investigate the relevance of a glass ceiling effect in Morocco using a matched worker-firm data set of more than 8000 employees and 850 employers. We estimate linear and quantile earnings regressions which account for firm heterogeneity and perform a quantile decomposition. We also focus on the within-firm gender earnings gap using information on the firms’ characteristics. Our results show that the gender earnings gap is higher at the top of the distribution than at the bottom in Morocco. The gender gap widens in the upper tail of the earnings distribution when controlling for firm specific components. The glass ceiling effect is also reinforced over time in Morocco as high wage male workers benefit from higher earnings growth than women. _________________________________ (français) Selon l’hypothèse du plafond de verre mise en évidence dans les pays développés, il existe un écart salarial selon le genre plus important en haut de la distribution des salaires. Dans cet article, nous examinons la pertinence de l’existence d’un plafond de verre dans le cas marocain à partir de données appariées employeurs-employés regroupant plus de 8 000 travailleurs répartis dans 850 entreprises manufacturières. Nous estimons des équations de gains linéaires et par quantiles conditionnels prenant en compte l’hétérogénéité des entreprises et nous proposons une décomposition des gains par quantiles. Nous examinons également les déterminants de l’écart de revenus selon le genre intraentreprise en utilisant l’information sur les caractéristiques des établissements. Nos résultats montrent que l’écart de revenus selon le sexe est plus élevé en haut de la distribution des gains qu’en bas de celle-ci. L’écart de gains se creuse en haut de la distribution lorsque sont contrôlées les caractéristiques spécifiques des entreprises. L’effet de plafond de verre pourrait également se renforcer au cours du temps dans ces entreprises marocaines dans la mesure où les hommes à hauts salaires bénéficient d’une croissance des gains plus élevée que leurs homologues féminins.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2007/04.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200704

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Keywords: Gender wage gap; glass ceiling; quantile regressions; matched worker-firm data; Écart de revenus selon le genre; plafond de verre; régressions de quantile; données appariées employeurs-employés; Maroc.;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Christophe Muller, Christophe Nordman, 2008. "Task Organization, Human Capital and Wages in Moroccan Exporting Firms," THEMA Working Papers 2008-39, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  2. Vaillant, Julia & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2013. "Inputs, Gender Roles or Sharing Norms? Assessing the Gender Performance Gap Among Informal Entrepreneurs in Madagascar," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12203, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. Christophe Nordman & François-Charles Wolff, 2007. "On-the-job learning and earnings in Benin, Morocco and Senegal," Working Papers, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) DT/2007/09, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  4. Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Wolff, François-Charles, 2012. "On-the-Job Learning and Earnings: Comparative Evidence from Morocco and Senegal," IZA Discussion Papers 6728, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. KUEPIE Mathias & DZOSSA Anaclet Désiré & KELODJOUE Samuel, 2013. "Determinants of labor market gender inequalities in Cameroon, Senegal and Mali: the role of human capital and the fertility burden," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2013-08, CEPS/INSTEAD.
  6. Richard U. Agesa & Jacqueline Agesa & Andrew Dabalen, 2013. "Sources of the Persistent Gender Wage Gap along the Unconditional Earnings Distribution: Findings from Kenya," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(1), pages 76-103, March.
  7. Christophe J. Nordman & François-Charles Wolff, 2009. "Gender differences in pay in African manufacturing firms," Working Papers hal-00421227, HAL.
  8. Izak Atiyas, 2011. "Firm-Level Data In The Mena Region: Research Questions, Data Requirements And Possibilities," Middle East Development Journal (MEDJ), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 3(02), pages 159-190.

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