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Racial Discrimination in the Brazilian Labor Market: Wage, Employment and Segregation Effects

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  • Béatrice D'HOMBRES

    ()
    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International)

  • Jean-Louis ARCAND

    ()
    (Institut des Hautes Etudes Internationales et du Développement)

Abstract

The social science literature has done much to document pervasive racial discrimination in Brazil and there is little doubt that a very dark color is a handicap to social advancement. Nevertheless, very few empirical economic studies have attempted to quantify the impact of ethnic discrimination in Brazil. Using data culled from the Pesquisa National por Amostra de Domicílios (PNAD), this paper fills this void by analysing ethnic wage and employment gaps, as well as occupational segregation in Brazil, using the Oaxaca decomposition methodology.

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File URL: http://publi.cerdi.org/ed/2003/2003.14.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 200314.

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Length: 21
Date of creation: 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Journal of International Development, 2004, pages 1053-1066
Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:438

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Keywords: Occupational Segregation; Unemployment; Earnings; discrimination;

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References

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  5. Dorothe Bonjour & Michael Gerfin, 1997. "The Unequal Distribution of Unequal Pay - An Empirical Analysis of the Gender Wage Gap in Switzerland," Diskussionsschriften, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft dp9702, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
  6. Silber, Jacques, 1992. "Occupational Segregation Indices in the Multidimensional Case: A Note," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 68(202), pages 276-77, September.
  7. Moshe Buchinsky, 1998. "The dynamics of changes in the female wage distribution in the USA: a quantile regression approach," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(1), pages 1-30.
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  22. Mwabu, Germano & Schultz, T Paul, 1996. "Education Returns across Quantiles of the Wage Function: Alternative Explanations for Returns to Education by Race in South Africa," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 335-39, May.
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  26. Schafgans, Marcia M. A., 2000. "Gender wage differences in Malaysia: parametric and semiparametric estimation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 351-378, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Luana Marquez Garcia & Hugo Nopo & Paola Salardi, 2009. "Gender and Racial Wage Gaps in Brazil 1996-2006: Evidence Using a Matching Comparisons Approach," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4626, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  2. Juan Pablo Atal & Hugo R. Ñopo & Natalia Winder, 2009. "New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America," IDB Publications 5398, Inter-American Development Bank.
  3. Gradín, Carlos, 2007. "Why Is Poverty So High Among Afro-Brazilians? A Decomposition Analysis of the Racial Poverty Gap," IZA Discussion Papers 2809, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Pham, T. Hung & Reilly, Barry, 2007. "Ethnic Wage Inequality in Vietnam: Empirical Evidence from 2002," MPRA Paper 6477, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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