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Career progress in centralized academic systems: social capital and institutions in France and Italy

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Author Info

  • Michele Pezzoni

    ()
    (University of Bergamo, Faculty of Engineering, Dalmine, Italy - KiTES Bocconi University, Milan, Italy)

  • Valerio Sterzi

    ()
    (University of Bergamo, Dalmine, Italy - University of Brescia, Faculty of Engineering, Brescia, Italy - KiTES Bocconi University, Milan, Italy)

  • Francesco Lissoni

    ()
    (University of Bergamo, Faculty of Engineering, Dalmine, Italy - KiTES Bocconi University, Milan, Italy)

Abstract

Notions of social capital have loomed large in the literature on academic careers, but it has proved difficult to disentangle the various benefits social capital bring to individual scientists. Besides, most of the relevant literature is quite US-centric and provide little clues on how the notion can be extend to different academic systems. We examine the career profiles of a large sample of French and Italian academic physicists between 2000 and 2003/2005, and propose measures of social capital that take into account the two countries' institutional specificities. We find that rank advancements are explained not only by individual variables (such as productivity, seniority and gender), but also by relational ones, such as: the scientist's affiliation to important public research organizations (France); and her social ties with senior members of the discipline, who exercise control over careers (Italy). Significant differences exist between the two countries also with respect to the importance of productivity and gender.

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File URL: ftp://ftp.unibocconi.it/pub/RePEc/cri/papers/KitesWP26.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy in its series KITeS Working Papers with number 026.

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Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision: 2009
Handle: RePEc:cri:cespri:kites26_wp

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Postal: via Sarfatti, 25 - 20136 Milano - Italy
Phone: +39.025836.3397
Fax: +39.025836.3399
Web page: http://www.kites.unibocconi.it/

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Postal: E G E A - via R. Sarfatti, 25 - 20136 Milano -Italy

Related research

Keywords: Academic careers; Economics of science; Social capital; Gender;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Alberto Baccini & Lucio Barabesi & Martina Cioni & Caterina Pisani, 2013. "Crossing the hurdle: the determinants of individual scientific performance," Department of Economics University of Siena 691, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
  2. Janger, Jürgen & Nowotny, Klaus, 2013. "Career Choices in Academia," Working Papers in Economics and Finance 2013-4, University of Salzburg.
  3. Brooks, Chris & Fenton, Evelyn M. & Walker, James T., 2014. "Gender and the evaluation of research," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(6), pages 990-1001.
  4. Sander Gerritsen & Karen van der Wiel & Erik Plug (UVA), 2013. "Up or out? How individual research grants affect academic careers in the Netherlands," CPB Discussion Paper 249, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  5. Rotolo, Daniele & Messeni Petruzzelli, Antonio, 2013. "When does centrality matter? Scientific productivity and the moderating role of research specialization and cross-community ties," MPRA Paper 53406, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Jürgen Janger & Anna Strauss & David Campbell, 2013. "Academic careers: a cross-country perspective," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 37, WWWforEurope.

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