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Success in the Academic Labour Market for Economics - The German Experience

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  • Heining, Jörg
  • Jerger, Jürgen
  • Lingens, Jörg
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    Abstract

    Based on CV information of tenured professors and post-doc researchers in the field of economics at German universities we construct a unique data set. This data set contains detailed information on the career path and on personal characteristics of individuals. Using this data we analyse the determinants of success in the academic labour market. Our notion of success is the (conditional) probability of becoming tenured, i.e. the hazard rate. Estimating a Cox (1972) regression model, we show that the primal determinants of the hazard rate are the publication record and time dummies which control for the decade in which tenure was received. The latter result implies that Germany witnessed a huge structural change in the academic labour within the last 30 years. Aus Lebenslaufdaten von bereits berufenen Professoren und promovierten Nachwuchswissenschaftlern an deutschen Universitäten im Bereich Volkswirtschaftslehre haben wir einen einzigartigen Datensatz konstruiert. Dieser Datensatz enthält detaillierte Informationen über den (akademischen) Erwerbsverlauf der beobachteten Individuen, sowie zusätzliche individuelle Charakteristika. Unter Verwendung dieser Daten untersuchen wir die Determinanten für den Erfolg im akademischen Arbeitsmarkt, wobei wir Erfolg über die bedingte Wahrscheinlichkeit (Hazard Rate) für die Berufung auf eine Lebenszeitprofessur messen. Unter Verwendung eines Regressionsmodells nach Cox (1972) können wir zeigen, dass die individuelle Publikationsleistung, sowie Zeitdummies für das Jahrzehnt der Berufung signifikanten Einfluss auf die Hazard Rate ausüben. Dabei deutet insbesondere das zuletzt genannte Ergebnis auf einen starken strukturellen Wandel im deutschen akademischen Arbeitsmarkt innerhalb der letzten 30 Jahre hin.

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    File URL: http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/4539/1/Heining_Jerger_Lingens_2007_Success_in_the_Academic_Labour_Market_for_Economists_The_German_Experience.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Regensburg, Department of Economics in its series University of Regensburg Working Papers in Business, Economics and Management Information Systems with number 422.

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    Date of creation: 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:bay:rdwiwi:803

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    Postal: Universitäts-Str. 31, D-93040 Regensburg
    Phone: +49 941 943-2392
    Fax: +49 941 943-4752
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    Web page: http://www-wiwi.uni-regensburg.de/
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    Keywords: Arbeitsmarkt ; Ereignisdatenanalyse ; Cox-Regressionsmodell;

    References

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    1. Van den Berg, Gerard J., 2001. "Duration models: specification, identification and multiple durations," Handbook of Econometrics, Elsevier, in: J.J. Heckman & E.E. Leamer (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 55, pages 3381-3460 Elsevier.
    2. Michael S. McPherson & Morton Owen Schapiro, 1999. "Tenure Issues in Higher Education," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 13(1), pages 85-98, Winter.
    3. Michael Rauber & Heinrich Ursprung, 2006. "Evaluation of Researchers: A Life Cycle Analysis of German Academic Economists," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 1673, CESifo Group Munich.
    4. Charles T. Clotfelter, 1999. "The Familiar but Curious Economics of Higher Education: Introduction to a Symposium," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 13(1), pages 3-12, Winter.
    5. Ronald G. Ehrenberg, 2002. "Studying Ourselves: The Academic Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 8965, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Pantelis Kalaitzidakis & Theofanis P Mamuneas & Thanasis Stengos, 2001. "Rankings of Academic Journals and Institutions in Economics," Discussion Papers in Economics, Department of Economics, University of Leicester 01/8, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
    7. Ronald G. Ehrenberg & Liang Zhang, 2004. "Do Tenured and Tenure-Track Faculty Matter?," NBER Working Papers 10695, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. David B. Hertz, 1972. "Discussion," Management Science, INFORMS, INFORMS, vol. 19(4-Part-2), pages P35-P36, December.
    9. M. Sabatier & M. Carrere & V. Mangematin, 2006. "Profiles of Academic Activities and Careers: Does Gender Matter? An Analysis Based on French Life Scientist CVs," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 311-324, 05.
    10. Zoghi, Cindy, 2003. "Why have public university professors done so badly?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 45-57, February.
    11. Ronald G. Ehrenberg & Paul J. Pieper & Rachel A. Willis, 1998. "Do Economics Departments With Lower Tenure Probabilities Pay Higher Faculty Salaries?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(4), pages 503-512, November.
    12. Willam O. Brown, 1997. "University Governance and Academic Tenure: A Property Rights Explanation," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 153(3), pages 441-, September.
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    Cited by:
    1. Pezzoni, Michele & Sterzi, Valerio & Lissoni, Francesco, 2012. "Career progress in centralized academic systems: Social capital and institutions in France and Italy," Research Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 704-719.
    2. Michael Graber & Andrey Launov & Klaus Wälde, 2007. "How to Get Tenured (in Germany, in Economics)," Working Papers, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow 2007_32, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.

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