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Who Gets the Credit? And Does It Matter? Household vs. Firm Lending across Countries

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  • Beck, Thorsten
  • Büyükkarabacak, Berrak
  • Rioja, Felix
  • Valev, Neven

Abstract

While theory predicts different effects of household credit and enterprise credit on the economy, the empirical literature has mainly used aggregate measures of overall bank lending to the private sector. We construct a new dataset from 45 developed and developing countries, decomposing bank lending into lending to enterprises and lending to households and assess the different effects of these two components on real sector outcomes. We find that: 1) enterprise credit raises economic growth whereas household credit has no effect; 2) enterprise credit reduces income inequality whereas household credit has no effect; and 3) household credit is negatively associated with excess consumption sensitivity, while there is no relationship between enterprise credit and excess consumption sensitivity.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7400.

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Date of creation: Aug 2009
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7400

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Keywords: Financial intermediation; Firm credit; Household credit;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Sambit Bhattacharyya & Roland Hodler, 2010. "Do Natural Resource Revenues Hinder Financial Development? The Role of Political Institutions," CSAE Working Paper Series 2010-40, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  2. Beck, T.H.L. & Degryse, H.A. & Kneer, E.C., 2012. "Is More Finance Better? Disentangling Intermediation and Size Effects of Financial Systems," Discussion Paper 2012-060, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  3. Thorsten Beck & Andrea Colciago & Damjan Pfajfar, 2014. "The role of financial intermediaries in monetary policy transmission," DNB Working Papers 420, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  4. Stefano Pagliari & Clive Briault & Alistair Milne & Patricia Jackson & Vicky Pryce & David T. Llewellyn & David Lascelles & Thorsten Beck, 2012. "Future Risks and Fragilities for Financial Stability," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 2012/3 edited by David T. Llewellyn & Richard Reid.
  5. Brown, Martin & Hoffmann, Matthias, 2013. "Mortgage Relationships," Working Papers on Finance 1310, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
  6. Gründler, Klaus & Weitzel, Jan, 2013. "The financial sector and economic growth in a panel of countries," Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Beiträge 123, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Lehrstuhl für Volkswirtschaftslehre, insbes. Wirtschaftsordnung und Sozialpolitik.
  7. Jappelli Tullio & Pagano Marco & Di Maggio Marco, 2013. "Households' indebtedness and financial fragility," Journal of Financial Management, Markets and Institutions, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 1, pages 26-35, January.
  8. Enrico Berkes & Ugo Panizza & Jean-Louis Arcand, 2012. "Too Much Finance?," IMF Working Papers 12/161, International Monetary Fund.
  9. Grydaki, Maria & Bezemer, Dirk, 2013. "Did Credit Decouple from Output in the Great Moderation?," MPRA Paper 47424, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Thorsten Beck, 2012. "Concluding Observations," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  11. Gunther Capelle-Blancard & Claire Labonne, 2011. "More Bankers, More Growth? Evidence from OECD Countries," Working Papers 2011-22, CEPII research center.
  12. Giannetti, Caterina & Jentzsch, Nicola, 2013. "Credit reporting, financial intermediation and identification systems: International evidence," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 60-80.

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