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Wealth and consumption: an assessment of the international evidence

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  • Vincent Labhard
  • Gabriel Sterne
  • Chris Young

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to offer a critique of the existing literature on the link between wealth and consumption, as captured by the long-run marginal propensity to consume from financial wealth (mpcw). The international evidence suggests that the mpcw varies considerably across countries, and new estimates are presented, based on structural vector autoregressions (VARs) for eleven OECD countries, which tend to confirm this finding. It is argued that there is little theoretical rationale for a wide cross-country dispersion of the mpcw, and that the cross-country differences in empirical estimates may in fact reflect difficulties in the measurement of wealth across countries and a failure to account for the shocks causing changes in both consumption and wealth. Using a suitable panel technique, it is found that the hypothesis of a common long-run mpcw across countries cannot be rejected consistently, and a plausible estimate is obtained for the cross-section of eleven OECD countries. This estimate is a little over 6%, broadly consistent with estimates used in a wide range of policy models.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of England in its series Bank of England working papers with number 275.

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Date of creation: Oct 2005
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Handle: RePEc:boe:boeewp:275

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Riccardo De Bonis & Andrea Silvestrini, 2012. "The effects of financial and real wealth on consumption: new evidence from OECD countries," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(5), pages 409-425, March.
  2. J.-C. Bricongne & J.-M. Fournier & V. Lapègue & O. Monso, 2011. "From the financial crisis to the economic crisis The impact of the financial trouble of 2007-2008 on the growth of seven advanced countries," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2011-05, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
  3. Bianca De Paoli & Hande Küçük-Tuger & Jens Søndergaard, 2010. "Monetary Policy Rules and Foreign Currency Positions," CEP Discussion Papers dp1022, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Skudelny, Frauke, 2009. "Euro area private consumption: Is there a role for housing wealth effects," Working Paper Series 1057, European Central Bank.
  5. Atalay, Kadir & Whelan, Stephen & Yates, Judith, 2013. "Housing Wealth and Household Consumption: New Evidence from Australia and Canada," Working Papers 2013-04, University of Sydney, School of Economics.
  6. O'Donnell, Nuala, 2007. "Housing Wealth and Consumption," Quarterly Bulletin Articles, Central Bank of Ireland, pages 119-136, January.
  7. Christian Dreger & Hans-Eggert Reimers, 2012. "The long run relationship between private consumption and wealth: common and idiosyncratic effects," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 21-34, April.
  8. Fallahi, Firouz, 2012. "The stationarity of consumption–income ratios: Evidence from bootstrapping confidence intervals," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 115(1), pages 137-140.

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