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Transaction taxes and traders with heterogeneous investment horizons in an agent-based financial market model

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  • Demary, Markus
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    Abstract

    This agent-based financial market model is a generalization of the model of Westerhoff (The Use of Agent-Based Financial Market Models to Test the Effectiveness of Regulatory Policies) by traders who are allowed to have different investment horizons as introduced by Demary (Who Does a Currency Transaction Tax Harm More: Short-Term Speculators or Long-Term Investors?). Our research goals are, first, to study what consequences the introduction of heterogeneous investment horizons has for agent-based financial market models, and second, how effective transaction taxes are in stabilizing financial markets. Numerical simulations reveal that under sufficiently small tax rates traders abstain from short-term trading in favour of longer investment horizons. This change in behavior leads to less volatility and less mispricings. When the tax rate exceeds a certain threshold, however, mispricings increase as also found in Westerhoff (Heterogeneous Traders and the Tobin Tax and The Use of Agent-Based Financial Market Models to Test the Effectiveness of Regulatory Policies). This emergent property is due to the fact that taxation reduces short-term fluctuations and causes longer lasting trends in the exchange rate. As a result, the longer term fundamentalist trading rule becomes unpopular in favor of the longer term trend-chasing rule. --

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2010-8
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Kiel Institute for the World Economy in its journal Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal.

    Volume (Year): 4 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 8 ()
    Pages: 1-44

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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifweej:20108

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    Keywords: Agent-based models; financial market stability; regulation of financial Markets; technical and fundamental analysis; transaction taxes;

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    Cited by:
    1. Lengnick, Matthias & Wohltmann, Hans-Werner, 2011. "Agent-based financial markets and New Keynesian macroeconomics: A synthesis," Economics Working Papers 2011,09, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
    2. Lendvai, Julia & Raciborski, Rafal & Vogel, Lukas, 2013. "Macroeconomic effects of an equity transaction tax in a general-equilibrium model," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 466-482.

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