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Recent international and regulatory decisions about geographical indications

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Author Info

  • Stephan Marette

    (UMR Economie Publique INRA-Agroparistech, BP01 78850 Grignon, France)

  • Roxanne Clemens

    (568F Heady Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-1070)

  • Bruce Babcock

    (578F Heady Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-1070)

Abstract

As worldwide consumer demand for high-quality products and for information about these products increases, labels and geographical indications (GIs) can serve to signal quality traits to consumers; however, GI systems among countries are not homogeneous and can be used as trade barriers against competition. Philosophical differences between the European Union (EU) and the United States about how GIs should be registered and protected led to the formation of a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute-settlement panel. In this article, we discuss the issues behind the dispute, the WTO panel decision, and the EU response to the panel decision leading to the new Regulation 510|2006. Given the potential for GI labels to supply consumer information, context is provided for the discussion using recent literature on product labeling. Implications are drawn regarding the importance of the panel decision and the EU response relative to GI issues yet to be negotiated under the Doha Round. [JEL classifications: D8, F1, Q1]. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/agr.20173
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Agribusiness.

Volume (Year): 24 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 453-472

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Handle: RePEc:wly:agribz:v:24:y:2008:i:4:p:453-472

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Web page: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1520-6297

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  1. Zago, Angelo M. & Pick, Daniel H., 2004. "Labeling Policies in Food Markets: Private Incentives, Public Intervention, and Welfare Effects," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 29(01), April.
  2. Hayes, Dermot J. & Lence, Sergio H., 2002. "Farmer-Owned Brands?," Staff General Research Papers 12707, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  3. Roosen, Jutta & Lusk, Jayson L. & Fox, John A., 2001. "Consumer Demand For And Attitudes Toward Alternative Beef Labeling Strategies In France, Germany, And The Uk," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20643, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  4. Maria Luz Loureiro & Jill J. McCluskey, 2000. "Assessing consumer response to protected geographical identification labeling," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(3), pages 309-320.
  5. Stéphan Marette & John Crespi, 2003. "Can Quality Certification Lead to Stable Cartels?," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 23(1), pages 43-64, August.
  6. Hayes, Dermot J. & Lence, Sergio H. & Babcock, Bruce A., 2005. "Geographic Indications and Farmer-Owned Brands: Why Do the U.S. And E.U. Disagree?," Staff General Research Papers 12418, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  7. Benitez, D. & Bouamra-Mechemache, Z. & Chaaban, J., 2005. "Public labeling revisited : the role of technological constraints under protected designation of origin regulation," Economics Working Paper Archive (Toulouse) 200521, French Institute for Agronomy Research (INRA), Economics Laboratory in Toulouse (ESR Toulouse).
  8. Randall E. Westgren, 1999. "Delivering Food Safety, Food Quality, and Sustainable Production Practices: The Label Rouge Poultry System in France," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1107-1111.
  9. Lohr, Luanne, 1998. "Welfare Effects Of Eco-Label Proliferation: Too Much Of A Good Thing?," Faculty Series 16642, University of Georgia, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics.
  10. Lohr, Luanne & Krissoff, Barry, 2001. "Consumer Effects Of Harmonizing International Standards For Trade In Organic Foods," Faculty Series 16726, University of Georgia, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics.
  11. Hayes, Dermot J. & Lence, Sergio H., 2002. "New Brand of Agriculture? Farmer-Owned Brands Reward Innovation (A)," Staff General Research Papers 10065, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  12. Bruce A. Babcock & Roxanne Clemens, 2004. "Geographical Indications and Property Rights: Protecting Value-Added Agricultural Products," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 04-mbp7, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  13. Sergio H. Lence & Stéphan Marette & Dermot J. Hayes & William E. Foster, 2006. "Collective Marketing Arrangements for Geographically Differentiated Agricultural Products: Welfare Impacts and Policy Implications," Midwest Agribusiness Trade Research and Information Center (MATRIC) Publications 06-mwp9, Midwest Agribusiness Trade Research and Information Center (MATRIC) at Iowa State University.
  14. Bureau, Jean-Christophe & Marette, Stephan & Schiavina, Alessandra, 1998. "Non-tariff Trade Barriers and Consumers' Information: The Case of the EU-US Trade Dispute over Beef," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 25(4), pages 437-62.
  15. Shaked, Avner & Sutton, John, 1987. "Product Differentiation and Industrial Structure," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(2), pages 131-46, December.
  16. McCluskey, Jill J. & Loureiro, Maria L., 2003. "Consumer Preferences And Willingness To Pay For Food Labeling: A Discussion Of Empirical Studies," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 34(03), November.
  17. Marette, Stephan & Zago, Angelo M., 2003. "Advertising, Collective Action, And Labeling In The European Wine Markets," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 34(03), November.
  18. Riccardo Scarpa & George Philippidis & Fiorenza Spalatro, 2005. "Product-country images and preference heterogeneity for Mediterranean food products: A discrete choice framework," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(3), pages 329-349.
  19. Marette, Stephan & Crespi, John M & Schiavina, Allesandra, 1999. "The Role of Common Labelling in a Context of Asymmetric Information," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 26(2), pages 167-78, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Matthew C. Rousu & Jay R. Corrigan, 2008. "Estimating the Value Consumers Derive from Product Labeling," Working Papers 0802, Kenyon College, Department of Economics.
  2. Marette, Stephan, 2009. "Can Foreign Producers Benefit from Geographical Indications under the New European Regulation?," Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Estey Centre for Law and Economics in International Trade, vol. 10(1).
  3. Saak, Alexander E., 2011. "A Model of Labeling with Horizontal Differentiation and Cost Variability," 2011 Annual Meeting, July 24-26, 2011, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 103540, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  4. Dentoni, Domenico & Menozzi, Davide & Capelli, Maria Giacinta, 2012. "Group heterogeneity and cooperation on the geographical indication regulation: The case of the “Prosciutto di Parma” Consortium," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 207-216.
  5. Dentoni, Domenico & Menozzi, Davide & Capelli, Maria Giacinta, 2010. "Heterogeneity of Members’ Characteristics and Cooperation within Producer Groups Regulating Geographical Indications: The Case of the “Prosciutto di Parma” Consortium," 116th Seminar, October 27-30, 2010, Parma, Italy 95203, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  6. House, Lisa & Patel, Payal & Thomas, Spreen, 2009. "How do Different Countries use PDO/GI Standards: A Case Study Comparing Wisconsin Cheddar to Parmesan-Reggiano," 2009 International European Forum, February 15-20, 2009, Innsbruck-Igls, Austria 59176, International European Forum on System Dynamics and Innovation in Food Networks.

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