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International Trade, Employment and Earnings: Evidence from US Rural Counties

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  • Robin Leichenko
  • Julie Silva

Abstract

Leichenko R. and Silva J. (2004) International trade, employment, and earnings: evidence from US rural counties, Reg. Studies 38, 355-374. Rural manufacturers in advanced countries are considered highly vulnerable to competition from international imports. Yet only limited empirical attention has been paid to the effects of trade on rural economies. This paper investigates the effects of international trade on rural manufacturing economies in the US and compares the effects of trade pressures in rural versus urban areas. Our results indicate that lower export prices are associated with increased manufacturing employment and earnings in both rural and urban counties, while lower import prices are associated with reduced rural employment but increased urban employment. Greater export orientation is associated with lower employment and earnings in both rural and urban counties, while import orientation has mixed effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 38 (2004)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 355-374

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:38:y:2004:i:4:p:355-374

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Related research

Keywords: Economic globalization; Regional development; US regional growth; Mondialisation economique; Amenagement du territoire; Croissance regionale aux Etats-Unis; Wirtschaftliche Globalisierung; Regionale Entwicklung; USA Regionales Wachstum; Globalizacion economica; Desarrollo regional; En los Estados Unidos; Crecimiento regional;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Partridge, Mark D. & Rickman, Dan & Olfert, M. Rose & Tan, Ying, 2013. "International Trade and Local Labor Markets: Are Foreign and Domestic Shocks Created Differently?," MPRA Paper 53407, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. CRESPO, Nuno & FONTOURA, Maria Paula, 2013. "Regional Integration And Internal Economic Geography - An Empirical Evaluation With Portuguese Data," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 13(2), pages 99-116.
  3. Elia, Stefano & Maggi, Elena & Mariotti, Ilaria, 2011. "Does the transport industry gain from manufacturing internationalization? An empirical investigation on the Italian regions," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 49, pages 53-74.
  4. Tomasz Brodzicki & Stanislaw Uminski, 2013. "International trade relations of enterprises established in Poland's regions: gravity model panel estimation," Working Papers 1301, Instytut Rozwoju, Institute for Development.
  5. Rodriguez-Pose, Andres & Gill, Nicholas, 2006. "How does trade affect regional disparities?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1201-1222, July.
  6. Rigby, D L & Breau, Sebastien, 2007. "Impacts of Trade on Wage Quality in Los Angeles: Analysis Using Matched Employer-Employee Data," Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, Working Paper Series qt0fh5z1hf, Center for Global, International and Regional Studies, UC Santa Cruz.
  7. Bureau, Jean-Christophe, 2006. "Freer International Trade and the Consequences for EU rural areas," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 6(12).
  8. Nuno Crespo & Maria Paula Fontoura, 2008. "Regional Integration and International Economic Geography in the Portuguese Case - an update," Working Papers Department of Economics 2008/51, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, University of Lisbon.

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