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Does the transport industry gain from manufacturing internationalization? An empirical investigation on the Italian regions

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  • Elia, Stefano
  • Maggi, Elena
  • Mariotti, Ilaria

Abstract

The present paper deals with the impact of manufacturing internationalisation, in the forms of international trade, cooperation agreements - measured by inward and outward processing trade (IPT and OPT, respectively) - and FDI, on the transport industry employment. Descriptive statistics and econometric analysis are carried out at the ‘regional-industry’ level (20 NUTS2 regions and 8 transport sub-industries) with reference to Italy in the period 1996-2001. Results show that export, FDI and the components of IPT (temporary import and re-export) positively affect the transport employment variation in 1996-2001, while import and the components of OPT (temporary export and re-import) display a negative impact.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration in its journal European Transport / Trasporti Europei.

Volume (Year): (2011)
Issue (Month): 49 ()
Pages: 53-74

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Handle: RePEc:sot:journl:y:2011:i:49:p:53-74

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Keywords: Transport industry; Employment; Regional-industry; Trade; FDI; IPT; OPT;

References

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  1. Rodolfo Helg, 2005. "Patterns of international fragmentation of production and the relative demand for labor," LIUC Papers in Economics 167, Cattaneo University (LIUC).
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  11. Sergio Mariotti & Marco Mutinelli & Lucia Piscitello, 2003. "Home country employment and foreign direct investment: evidence from the Italian case," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 27(3), pages 419-431, May.
  12. Lori G. Kletzer, 2002. "Imports, Exports, and Jobs: What Does Trade Mean for Employment and Job Loss?," Books from Upjohn Press, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, number iej, December.
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  15. Barry, Frank & Walsh, Frank, 2008. "Gains and losses from sectoral relocation: A review of theory and empirics," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 4-16, March.
  16. Sergio Mariotti & Marco Mutinelli & Lucia Piscitello, 2008. "The Internationalization of Production by Italian Industrial Districts' Firms: Structural and Behavioural Determinants," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(5), pages 719-735.
  17. repec:fth:iniesr:490 is not listed on IDEAS
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