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Is There a Glass Ceiling in Morocco? Evidence from Matched Worker--Firm Data

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  • Christophe J. Nordman
  • François-Charles Wolff

Abstract

Several empirical studies have found larger gender pay gaps at the upper tail of the wage distribution in developed countries, the so-called glass ceiling effect. In this paper, we investigate the relevance of the glass ceiling hypothesis in Morocco using a matched worker--firm data set of more than 8,000 employees and 850 employers working in the manufacturing sector. We estimate linear and quantile earnings regressions with controls for unobserved firm heterogeneity and perform a quantile decomposition. We also focus on the within-firm gender earnings gap using information on the firms' characteristics. Our results show that the gender earnings gap is higher at the top of the distribution than at the bottom. Furthermore, the gender gap widens in the upper tail of the earnings distribution when controlling for firm fixed effects. Copyright 2009 The author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Centre for the Study of African Economies. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oxfordjournals.org, Oxford University Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) in its journal Journal of African Economies.

Volume (Year): 18 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 (August)
Pages: 592-633

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Handle: RePEc:oup:jafrec:v:18:y:2009:i:4:p:592-633

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Vaillant, Julia, 2014. "Inputs, Gender Roles or Sharing Norms? Assessing the Gender Performance Gap Among Informal Entrepreneurs in Madagascar," IZA Discussion Papers 8046, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Christophe Muller & Christophe Nordman, . "Task Organization, Human Capital and Wages in Moroccan Exporting Firms," Discussion Papers 08/12, University of Nottingham, CREDIT.
  3. Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Wolff, François-Charles, 2009. "On-the-job learning and earnings: Comparative evidence from Morocco and Senegal," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/5948, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. Wolff, François-Charles & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2010. "Gender Differences in Pay in African Manufacturing Firms," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10806, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Christophe Nordman & François-Charles Wolff, 2007. "On-the-job learning and earnings in Benin, Morocco and Senegal," Working Papers DT/2007/09, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  6. KUEPIE Mathias & DZOSSA Anaclet Désiré & KELODJOUE Samuel, 2013. "Determinants of labor market gender inequalities in Cameroon, Senegal and Mali: the role of human capital and the fertility burden," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2013-08, CEPS/INSTEAD.
  7. Richard U. Agesa & Jacqueline Agesa & Andrew Dabalen, 2013. "Sources of the Persistent Gender Wage Gap along the Unconditional Earnings Distribution: Findings from Kenya," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(1), pages 76-103, March.

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