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A computational electoral competition model with social clustering and endogenous interest groups as information brokers

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  • Vjollca Sadiraj

    ()

  • Jan Tuinstra
  • Frans Winden

Abstract

We extend the basic model of spatial competition in two directions. First, political parties and voters do not have complete information but behave adaptively. Political parties use polls to search for policy platforms that maximize the probability of winning an election and the voting decision of voters is influenced by social interaction. Second, we allow for the emergence of interest groups. These interest groups transmit information about voter preferences to the political parties, and they coordinate voting behavior. We use simulation methods to investigate the convergence properties of this model. We find that the introduction of social dynamics and interest groups increases the separation between parties platforms, prohibits convergence to the center of the distribution of voter preferences, and increases the size of the winning set. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, B.V. 2006

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Public Choice.

Volume (Year): 129 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (October)
Pages: 169-187

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Handle: RePEc:kap:pubcho:v:129:y:2006:i:1:p:169-187

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100332

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  1. Coughlin, Peter J, 1990. " Majority Rule and Election Models," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(2), pages 157-88.
  2. Bikhchandani, Sushil & Hirshleifer, David & Welch, Ivo, 1992. "A Theory of Fads, Fashion, Custom, and Cultural Change in Informational Cascades," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(5), pages 992-1026, October.
  3. Grossman, G.M. & Helpman, E., 1998. "Competing for Endorsements," Papers 09-98, Tel Aviv.
  4. George A. Akerlof & Rachel E. Kranton, 2000. "Economics And Identity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 115(3), pages 715-753, August.
  5. Banerjee, Abhijit V, 1992. "A Simple Model of Herd Behavior," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 107(3), pages 797-817, August.
  6. Kirman, Alan, 1993. "Ants, Rationality, and Recruitment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 108(1), pages 137-56, February.
  7. Stephen Ansolabehere & John M. de Figueiredo & James M. Snyder Jr, 2003. "Why is There so Little Money in U.S. Politics?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 17(1), pages 105-130, Winter.
  8. Valentina Corradi & Antonella Ianni, . "Consensus and Co-Existence in an Interactive Process of Opinion Formation," Penn CARESS Working Papers 69d00c7ec336b2f687ab3f9c5, Penn Economics Department.
  9. Sadiraj, V. & Tuinstra, J. & Winden, F. van, 2005. "On the size of the winning set in the presence of interest groups," CeNDEF Working Papers 05-08, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Center for Nonlinear Dynamics in Economics and Finance.
  10. Vjollca Sadiraj & Jan Tuinstra & Frans Winden, 2005. "Interest group size dynamics and policymaking," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 125(3), pages 271-303, December.
  11. Mueller,Dennis C., 2003. "Public Choice III," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521894753.
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Cited by:
  1. Zacharias Maniadis, 2009. "Campaign contributions as a commitment device," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 139(3), pages 301-315, June.
  2. Vjollca Sadiraj & Jan Tuinstra & Frans van Winden, 2009. "Identification of Voters with Interest Groups improves the Electoral Chances of the Challenger," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 09-095/1, Tinbergen Institute.
  3. Vjollca Sadiraj & Jan Tuinstra & Frans van Winden, 2005. "On the Size of the Winning Set in the Presence of Interest Groups," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 05-034/1, Tinbergen Institute.
  4. Vjollca Sadiraj & Jan Tuinstra & Frans van Winden, 2010. "Identification of Voters with Interest Groups Improves the Electoral Chances of the Challenger," Experimental Economics Center Working Paper Series 2010-05, Experimental Economics Center, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  5. Michael Ensley, 2012. "Incumbent positioning, ideological heterogeneity and mobilization in U.S. House elections," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 151(1), pages 43-61, April.

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