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Majority Rule and Election Models


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  • Coughlin, Peter J


This paper surveys the theoretical work that has been done on majority rule and economic models of elections. Section 1 provides an overview of the topic. Section 2 reviews the most important results that have been obtained about majority rule as an abstract collective choice rule. Section 3 identifies some alternative inferences that can be made from those results. Section 4 covers some models that include additional features that are present in political institutions where majority rule is used. Section 5 concentrates on some alternative election models and equilibrium concepts. Section 6 focuses on election models with abstentions and/or candidate uncertainty about voter behavior. Section 7 compares and contrasts models where candidates are certain about what the voters' choices will be (contingent upon about the choices made by the candidates) and models where they are uncertain about those choices. Section 8 closes the survey by identifying some emerging areas of research. Copyright 1990 by Blackwell Publishers Ltd

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Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Economic Surveys.

Volume (Year): 4 (1990)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 157-88

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Handle: RePEc:bla:jecsur:v:4:y:1990:i:2:p:157-88

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Cited by:
  1. Vjollca Sadiraj & Jan Tuinstra & Frans van Winden, 2004. "A computational electoral competition model with social clustering and endogenous interest groups as information brokers," Experimental Economics Center Working Paper Series 2006-19, Experimental Economics Center, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  2. Alejandro Saporiti, 2005. "On the existence of Nash equilibrium in electoral competition," Game Theory and Information 0504005, EconWPA.
  3. Jie-Shin Lin, 2005. "An Analysis on Simulation Models of Competing Parties," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 284, Society for Computational Economics.
  4. Gersbach, Hans & Hahn, Volker & Imhof, Stephan, 2010. "Tax Rules," CEPR Discussion Papers 7831, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Scott E. Page, 1991. "Simulations and Spatial Voting Methods," Discussion Papers 952, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.


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