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Capital Flows and Financial Stability: Monetary Policy and Macroprudential Responses

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  • D. Filiz Unsal

    (International Monetary Fund)

Abstract

The resumption of capital flows to emerging-market economies since mid-2009 has posed two sets of interrelated challenges for policymakers: (i) to prevent capital flows from exacerbating overheating pressures and consequent inflation, and (ii) to minimize the risk that prolonged periods of easy financing conditions will undermine financial stability. While conventional monetary policy maintains its role in counteracting the former, there are doubts that it is sufficient to guard against the risks of financial instability. In this context, there have been increased calls for the development of macroprudential measures globally. Against this background, this paper analyzes the interplay between monetary and macroprudential policies in an open-economy DSGE model. The key result is that macroprudential measures can usefully complement monetary policy under a financial shock that triggers capital inflows. Even under the “optimal simple rules,” introducing macroprudential measures improves welfare. Broad macroprudential measures are shown to be more effective than those that discriminate against foreign liabilities (macroprudential capital controls). We also show that the exchange rate regime matters for the desirability of a macroprudential instrument as a separate policy tool. Nevertheless, macroprudential measures may not be as useful in helping economic stability under different shocks. Therefore, shock-specific flexibility in the implementation is desirable.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by International Journal of Central Banking in its journal International Journal of Central Banking.

Volume (Year): 9 (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 233-285

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Handle: RePEc:ijc:ijcjou:y:2013:q:1:a:10

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References

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  1. De Paoli, Bianca, 2009. "Monetary policy and welfare in a small open economy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 11-22, February.
  2. Olivier Jeanne & Anton Korinek, 2010. "Managing Credit Booms and Busts: A Pigouvian Taxation Approach," Working Paper Series WP10-12, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  3. Emmanuel Farhi & Ivan Werning, 2012. "Dealing with the Trilemma: Optimal Capital Controls with Fixed Exchange Rates," NBER Working Papers 18199, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Bianchi, Javier, 2009. "Overborrowing and Systemic Externalities in the Business Cycle," MPRA Paper 15114, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Gulcin Ozkan & Filiz Unsal, . "External finance, sudden stops and financial crisis: what is different this time?," Discussion Papers 09/22, Department of Economics, University of York.
  6. Alasdair Scott & Pau Rabanal & Prakash Kannan, 2009. "Macroeconomic Patterns and Monetary Policy in the Run-Up to Asset Price Busts," IMF Working Papers 09/252, International Monetary Fund.
  7. Borgy, V. & Clerc, L. & Renne, J-P., 2009. "Asset-price boom-bust cycles and credit: what is the scope of macro-prudential regulation?," Working papers 263, Banque de France.
  8. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2012. "Prudential Policy for Peggers," NBER Working Papers 18031, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Cited by:
  1. Mahir Binici & Hasan Erol & A. Hakan Kara & Pinar Ozlu & Deren Unalmis, 2013. "Interest Rate Corridor : A New Macroprudential Tool?," CBT Research Notes in Economics 1320, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  2. Christopher Otrok & Gianluca Benigno & Huigang Chen & Alessandro Rebucci & Eric R. Young, 2012. "Monetary and Macro-Prudential Policies: An Integrated Analysis," Working Papers 1208, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
  3. PIROVANO, Mara, 2013. "Household and firm leverage, capital flows and monetary policy in a small open economy," Working Papers 2013014, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
  4. Afanasyeva, Elena & Karasulu, Meral, 2013. "Interactions of Monetary and Macroprudential Policies in a Model of the Korean Economy," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79884, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  5. Quint, Dominic & Rabanal, Pau, 2014. "Monetary and macroprudential policy in an estimated DSGE model of the Euro Area," Discussion Papers 2014/5, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
  6. Longmei Zhang & Edda Zoli, 2014. "Leaning Against the Wind: Macroprudential Policy in Asia," IMF Working Papers 14/22, International Monetary Fund.
  7. Nicolas E. Magud & Evridiki Tsounta, 2012. "To Cut or Not to Cut? That is the (Central Bank’s) Question In Search of the Neutral Interest Rate in Latin America," IMF Working Papers 12/243, International Monetary Fund.
  8. Juan Pablo Medina Guzman & Jorge Roldos, 2014. "Monetary and Macroprudential Policies to Manage Capital Flows," IMF Working Papers 14/30, International Monetary Fund.
  9. F. Gulcin Ozkan & D. Filiz Unsal, 2013. "On the use of monetary and macroprudential policies for financial stability in emerging markets," Discussion Papers 13/14, Department of Economics, University of York.
  10. Zheng Liu & Mark M. Spiegel, 2013. "Monetary policy regimes and capital account restrictions in a small open economy," Working Paper Series 2013-33, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  11. Sonali Jain-Chandra & D. Filiz Unsal, 2012. "The Effectiveness of Monetary Policy Transmission Under Capital Inflows," IMF Working Papers 12/265, International Monetary Fund.

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