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External finance, sudden stops and financial crisis: what is different this time?

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  • Gulcin Ozkan
  • Filiz Unsal

Abstract

This paper develops a two-country dynamic, stochastic general equilibrium(DSGE) model to investigate the transmission of a global financial crisis to a small open economy. Central to our framework are financial frictions that play a major role in the macroeconomic adjustment to global credit tightening. We find that small open economies hit by a sudden stop arising from financial distress in the global economy are likely to face a more prolonged crisis than when they experience a financial shock of domestic origin. This is because an important source of difficulty in responding to a global financial crisis is the inability of countries to export their way out of crisis due to the slump in world consumer demand initiated by the global financial distress -as is painfully experienced by many countries in contemporary times. Moreover, we show that the greater a country's trade integration with the rest of the world, the greater the fluctuation of its macroeconomic aggregates in response to a global financial crisis.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of York in its series Discussion Papers with number 09/22.

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Handle: RePEc:yor:yorken:09/22

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Keywords: sudden stops; financial crises; emerging markets.;

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  1. Kaminsky, Graciela L. & Reinhart, Carmen M., 2000. "On crises, contagion, and confusion," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(1), pages 145-168, June.
  2. Vasco Cúrdia, 2008. "Optimal monetary policy under sudden stops," Staff Reports 323, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  3. Elekdag, Selim & Tchakarov, Ivan, 2007. "Balance sheets, exchange rate policy, and welfare," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(12), pages 3986-4015, December.
  4. Lawrence J. Christiano & Christopher Gust & Jorge Roldos, 2002. "Monetary Policy in a Financial Crisis," NBER Working Papers 9005, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  6. Mishkin, Frederic S, 1998. "The Dangers of Exchange-Rate Pegging in Emerging-Market Countries," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(1), pages 81-101, October.
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  8. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2001. "Closing Small Open Economy Models," Departmental Working Papers 200115, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  9. Guillermo A. Calvo & Alejandro Izquierdo & Luis Fernando Mejía, 2004. "On the Empirics of Sudden Stops: The Relevance of Balance-Sheet Effects," IDB Publications 6516, Inter-American Development Bank.
  10. Guillermo A. Calvo & Alejandro Izquierdo & Rudy Loo-Kung, 2005. "Relative Price Volatility Under Sudden Stops: The Relevance of Balance Sheet Effects," NBER Working Papers 11492, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Campa, José Manuel & Goldberg, Linda S, 2004. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through into Import Prices," CEPR Discussion Papers 4391, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Vasco Cúrdia, 2005. "Monetary Policy under Sudden Stops," International Finance 0510025, EconWPA, revised 02 Nov 2005.
  13. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2009. "This Time Is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 8973.
  14. Fabio Braggion & Lawrence J. Christiano & Jorge Roldos, 2007. "Optimal Monetary Policy in a 'Sudden Stop'," NBER Working Papers 13254, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Naug, Bjorn & Nymoen, Ragnar, 1996. " Pricing to Market in a Small Open Economy," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 98(3), pages 329-50.
  16. Hausmann, Ricardo & Panizza, Ugo & Stein, Ernesto, 2001. "Why do countries float the way they float?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 387-414, December.
  17. Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg & Michael M. Knetter, 1997. "Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(3), pages 1243-1272, September.
  18. Philippe Martin & Hélène Rey, 2005. "Globalization and Emerging Markets: With or Without Crash?," NBER Working Papers 11550, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  19. Gilboa, Itzhak & Schmeidler, David, 1989. "Maxmin expected utility with non-unique prior," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 141-153, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. D. Filiz Unsal, 2011. "Capital Flows and Financial Stability: Monetary Policy and Macroprudential Responses," IMF Working Papers 11/189, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Gorazd Sedmak & Tanja Planinc, 2011. "The Effect of the Economic Crisis on Tourist Behaviour," Academica Turistica - Tourism and Innovation Journal, University of Primorska, Faculty of Tourism Studies - Turistica,, vol. 4(1), pages 35-42.
  3. Selim Elekdag & Harun Alp, 2011. "The Role of Monetary Policy in Turkey during the Global Financial Crisis," IMF Working Papers 11/150, International Monetary Fund.

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