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Financial Crises and Macro-Prudential Policies

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  • Gianluca Benigno
  • Huigang Chen
  • Christopher Otrok
  • Alessandro Rebucci
  • Eric R. Young

Abstract

Stochastic general equilibrium models of small open economies with occasionally binding financial frictions are capable of mimicking both the business cycles and the crisis events associated with the sudden stop in access to credit markets (Mendoza, 2010). In this paper we study the inefficiencies associated with borrowing decisions in a two-sector small open production economy. We find that this economy is much more likely to display "under-borrowing" rather than "over-borrowing" in normal times. As a result, macro-prudential policies (i.e. Tobin taxes or economy-wide controls on capital inflows) are costly in welfare terms in our economy. Moreover, we show that macro-prudential policies aimed at minimizing the probability of the crisis event might be welfare-reducing in production economies. Our analysis shows that there is a much larger scope for welfare gains from policy interventions during financial crises. That is to say that, within our modeling approach, ex post or crisis-management policies dominate ex ante or macro-prudential ones.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Economic Performance, LSE in its series CEP Discussion Papers with number dp1032.

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Date of creation: Dec 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp1032

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Web page: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/series.asp?prog=CEP

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Keywords: Capital controls; crises; financial frictions; macro prudential policies; bailouts; overborrowing;

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References

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  1. Benigno, Gianluca & Chen, Huigang & Otrok, Christopher & Rebucci, Alessandro & Young, Eric R, 2010. "Revisiting Overborrowing and its Policy Implications," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 7872, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  7. Gianluca Benigno & Huigang Chen & Christopher Otrok & Alessandro Rebucci & Eric R. Young, 2012. "Capital controls or exchange rate policy? A pecuniary externality perspective," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 51505, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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  22. Cristina Arellano & Enrique Mendoza, 2002. "Credit Frictions and 'Sudden Stops' in Small Open Economies: An Equilibrium Business Cycle Framework for Emerging Markets Crises," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4307, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  23. Paul Krugman, 1999. "Balance Sheets, the Transfer Problem, and Financial Crises," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 459-472, November.
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  27. Christopher Otrok & Gianluca Benigno & Huigang Chen & Alessandro Rebucci & Eric R. Young, 2012. "Monetary and Macro-Prudential Policies: An Integrated Analysis," Working Papers, Department of Economics, University of Missouri 1208, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
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  1. Capital Controls, Currency Wars, and International Cooperation
    by Blog Author in Liberty Street Economics on 2013-05-13 11:00:00
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