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Managing equity : The case of road pricing

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  • Langmyhr, Tore
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    Abstract

    Several authors have pointed out the equity issue as one of the chief obstacles to public acceptance of road pricing proposals. In this paper the management of equity concerns in road pricing planning and decision-making is analyzed, using experience from four Norwegian cities. Two of these cities have implemented more or less sophisticated toll rings, one city has established a local petrol fee, and one city has rejected road pricing schemes on several occasions. The analysis outlines the different distributive principles that have been proposed, rejected or adopted as features of charging and revenue disposal. Changes in equity attention before and after implementation of the schemes are investigated. The use of impartial arguments as cover-ups for selfish interests are discussed. Responsiveness towards equity claims in the public discourse has been a prerequisite for the acceptance of road pricing schemes. Nevertheless, the contention is that the planners' handling of equity concerns certainly could be improved.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transport Policy.

    Volume (Year): 4 (1997)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 25-39

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:4:y:1997:i:1:p:25-39

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    1. Small, Kenneth A., 1992. "Using the Revenues from Congestion Pricing," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt32p9m3mm, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Owens, Susan, 1995. "From 'predict and provide' to 'predict and prevent'?: Pricing and planning in transport policy," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 43-49, January.
    3. E T Verhoef, 1994. "Efficiency and equity in externalities: a partial equilibrium analysis," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 26(3), pages 361-382, March.
    4. E Trinder & A Hay & J Dignan & P Else & J Skorupski, 1991. "Concepts of equity, fairness, and justice in British transport legislation, 1960 - 88," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 9(1), pages 31-50, February.
    5. P Healey, 1996. "The communicative turn in planning theory and its implications for spatial strategy formations," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 23(2), pages 217-234, March.
    6. A Hay & E Trinder, 1991. "Concepts of equity, fairness, and justice expressed by local transport policymakers," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 9(4), pages 453-465, August.
    7. Hau, Timothy D., 1992. "Economic fundamentals of road pricing : a diagrammatic analysis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1070, The World Bank.
    8. Atkinson, Anthony B., 1970. "On the measurement of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 244-263, September.
    9. Jones, Peter & Hervik, Arild, 1992. "Restraining car traffic in European cities: An emerging role for road pricing," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 133-145, March.
    10. World Commission on Environment and Development,, 1987. "Our Common Future," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, number 9780192820808, October.
    11. R. Isaac & Deborah Mathieu & Edward Zajac, 1991. "Institutional framing and perceptions of fairness," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 329-370, September.
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    Cited by:
    1. Hoffman, Karla & Berardino, Frank & Hunter, George, 2013. "Congestion pricing applications to manage high temporal demand for public services and their relevance to air space management," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 28-41.
    2. Sumalee, Agachai & May, Tony & Shepherd, Simon, 2005. "Comparison of judgmental and optimal road pricing cordons," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 384-390, September.
    3. Ryley, Tim & Gjersoe, Nathalia, 2006. "Newspaper response to the Edinburgh congestion charging proposals," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 66-73, January.
    4. Lam, William H. K. & Tam, M. L., 1997. "Why standard modelling and evaluation procedures are inadequate for assessing traffic congestion measures," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 217-223, October.
    5. Eliasson, Jonas, 2008. "Lessons from the Stockholm congestion charging trial," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 395-404, November.
    6. Karel Martens, 2012. "Justice in transport as justice in accessibility: applying Walzer’s ‘Spheres of Justice’ to the transport sector," Transportation, Springer, Springer, vol. 39(6), pages 1035-1053, November.
    7. Agachai Sumalee & Simon Shepherd & Anthony May, 2009. "Road user charging design: dealing with multi-objectives and constraints," Transportation, Springer, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 167-186, March.
    8. Ioannis Tikoudis & Erik T. Verhoef & Jos N. van Ommeren, 2013. "On Revenue Recycling and the Welfare Effects of Second-Best Congestion Pricing in a Monocentric City," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-031/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    9. Satoshi Fujii & Tommy Gärling & Cecilia Jakobsson & Rong-Chang Jou, 2004. "A cross-country study of fairness and infringement on freedom as determinants of car owners' acceptance of road pricing," Transportation, Springer, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 285-295, August.
    10. Bonsall, Peter & Young, William, 2010. "Is there a case for replacing parking charges by road user charges?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 323-334, September.

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