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A spatial-temporal analysis of the impact of access restrictions on forest landscapes and household welfare in Tanzania

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Author Info

  • Robinson, Elizabeth J.Z.
  • Lokina, Razack B.

Abstract

This paper explores the impact of the re-introduction of access restrictions to forests in Tanzania, through participatory forest management (PFM), that have excluded villagers from forests to which they have traditionally, albeit illegally, had access to collect non-timber forest products (NTFPs). Motivated by our fieldwork, and using a spatial-temporal model, we focus on the paths of forest degradation and regeneration and villagers' utility before and after an access restriction is introduced. Our paper illustrates a number of key points for policy makers. First, the benefits of forest conservation tend to be greatest in the first few periods after an access restriction is introduced, after which the overall forest quality often declines. Second, villagers may displace their NTFP collection into more distant forests that may have been completely protected by distance alone before access to a closer forest was restricted. Third, permitting villagers to collect limited amounts of NTFPs for a fee, or alternatively fining villagers caught collecting illegally from the protected forest, and returning the fee or fine revenue to the villagers, can improve both forest quality and villagers' livelihoods.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Forest Policy and Economics.

Volume (Year): 13 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 79-85

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Handle: RePEc:eee:forpol:v:13:y:2011:i:1:p:79-85

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/forpol

Related research

Keywords: Participatory forest management Non-timber forest products Spatial-temporal modelling Tanzania;

References

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  1. Urvashi Narain & Shreekant Gupta & Klaas vant Veld, 2005. "Poverty and the Environment-Exploring the Relationship between Household Incomes, Private Assets and Natural Assets," Working papers 134, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
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  8. Elizabeth Robinson & Heidi J. Albers & Jeffrey C. Williams, 2006. "Spatial and Temporal Modeling of Community Non-Timber Forest Extraction," Economics Series Working Papers WPS/2006-03, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
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  12. Reddy, S. R. C. & Chakravarty, S. P., 1999. "Forest Dependence and Income Distribution in a Subsistence Economy: Evidence from India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(7), pages 1141-1149, July.
  13. Robinson, Elizabeth J.Z. & Kajembe, George C., . "Changing Access to Forest Resources in Tanzania," Discussion Papers dp-09-10-efd, Resources For the Future.
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Cited by:
  1. Ainembabazi, John Herbert & Angelsen, Arild, 2014. "Do commercial forest plantations reduce pressure on natural forests? Evidence from forest policy reforms in Uganda," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 48-56.

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