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Urbanization and Economic Development

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  • J. Vernon Henderson

Abstract

This paper provides a survey and guide to the literature relevant to urbanization and economic development. The paper starts with some basic facts and trends about urbanization worldwide. It then reviews the traditional twosector urban-rural model, but focuses on the modern version, Krugman¡¯s coreperiphery model. However, two sector models do not capture the notion of an economy composed of many cities; nor do they represent modern agglomeration economies. Models and empirical evidence on agglomeration economies are reviewed. Then the paper turns to empirical evidence on the evolution of the size distribution of cities. It reviews the large literature on systems of cities models, focusing on an endogenous growth version. This part of paper concludes with a review of recent work integrating systems of cities models with the new economic geography. The final section reviews urbanization in China, focusing on policy issues such as migration, under-agglomeration and spatial biases in the FDI policy.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Society for AEF in its journal Annals of Economics and Finance.

Volume (Year): 4 (2003)
Issue (Month): 2 (November)
Pages: 275-341

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Handle: RePEc:cuf:journl:y:2003:v:4:i:2:p:275-341

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Related research

Keywords: Urbanization; China reginal development; Systems od cities;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Ulubasoglu, Mehmet A. & Cardak, Buly A., 2007. "International comparisons of rural-urban educational attainment: Data and determinants," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 51(7), pages 1828-1857, October.
  2. Nguyen Viet Cuong, 2014. "Does Urbanization Help Poverty Reduction in Rural Areas? Evidence from a Developing Country," Working Papers 2014-178, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.

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