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Asimetrías del empleo y el producto, una aproximación de equilibrio general

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  • Andrés González

    ()

  • Sergio Ocampo

    ()

  • Diego Rodríguez
  • Norberto Rodríguez

    ()

Abstract

La evidencia empírica para Colombia muestra relaciones tanto positivas como negativas entre el crecimiento del producto y el empleo, a diferencia de lo encontrado en economías desarrolladas como la de los Estados Unidos. El presente trabajo usa modelos VAR para abordar explicaciones de ese fenómeno, así como un modelo de equilibrio general dinámico y estocástico para una economía pequeña y abierta, que incorpora endógenamente desempleo de equilibrio y cambios en la fuerza laboral. Los resultados obtenidos, usando datos trimestrales para Colombia, son consistentes para las dos metodologías; se encuentra que la correlación entre el producto y el empleo es condicional a la fuerza motora del ciclo económico. En particular, se halla que choques tecnológicos inducen una correlación negativa entre producto y empleo, mientras choques no tecnológicos inducen la correlación contraria.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): (2012)
Issue (Month): ()
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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:010343

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Cited by:
  1. Andrés González & Lavan Mahadeva & Juan D. Prada & Diego Rodríguez, 2011. "Policy Analysis Tool Applied to Colombian Needs: Patacon Model Description," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
  2. Sergio Ocampo Díaz, 2012. "A Model of Rule-of-Thumb Consumers With Nominal Price and Wage Rigidities," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009595, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

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