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Los salarios reales a lo largo del ciclo económico en Colombia

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  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

  • Nataly Obando

    ()

  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

Abstract

Utilizando encuestas de hogares (DANE) del período 1984 – 2010 presentamos evidencia empírica de que los salarios reales son flexibles en algunos sectores económicos, grupos poblacionales y coberturas geográficas, mientras que en otros sectores, grupos y coberturas la evidencia sugiere que los salarios reales son rígidos. Con todo, la evidencia también indica que el comportamiento de los salarios reales a lo largo del ciclo económico es, en términos generales, flexible. Esta investigación propone la existencia de una equivalencia observacional entre un mercado laboral con rigideces y uno con salarios flexibles en el que los choques a la oferta de trabajo reducen la prociclicidad de los salarios. La evidencia se interpreta con un modelo de equilibrio general con salarios flexibles sometido a choques aleatorios de productividad y choques al salario de reserva (remesas del exterior). Del contraste entre las predicciones del modelo y la evidencia colombiana se deduce que no es posible rechazar la hipótesis de un salario real flexible en Colombia; en particular, la baja correlación entre los salarios reales y el empleo que se observa en la economía colombiana es similar a la predicha por el modelo

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 666.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:666

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Keywords: Ciclo económico; salario flexible; remesas; trabajo indivisible. Classification JEL:E24; E30; J30.;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Carlos Esteban Posada P., 2013. "Los efectos macroeconómicos de la política fiscal y del cambio técnico: predicciones de un modelo de equilibrio general dinámico," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 011459, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  2. Andrés González & Sergio Ocampo & Diego Rodríguez & Norberto Rodríguez, 2011. "Asimetrías del empleo y el producto, una aproximación de equilibrio general," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 008890, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

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