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Financial Intermediation and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy

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  • Juan David Prada Sarmiento

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Abstract

This paper analyses the role of a costly financial system in the transmission of monetarypolicy. The new-keynesian model for a small open economy is extended with asimple financial system based in Hamann and Oviedo (2006). The presence of the financialintermediation naturally allows the introduction of standard policy instruments: therepo interest rate and the compulsory requirement of reserves. The model is calibrated tomatch key steady-state ratios of Colombia and is used to evaluate the alternative policyinstruments. The financial system plays an important role in the transmission mechanismof the monetary policy, and determines the final effects on aggregated demand andinflation rates of exogenous modifications of the policy instruments. The monetary policyconducted through the repo interest rate has the standard effects predicted by thenew-keynesian framework. But changes in the compulsory reserve requirement rate maygenerate, under different scenarios, totally different reactions on economic activity, andlittle quantitative effects on inflation rates and aggregate demand. Therefore this lastpolicy instrument appears to be uneffective and unreliable.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA in its series BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA with number 005010.

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Length: 46
Date of creation: 22 Sep 2008
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Handle: RePEc:col:000094:005010

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Keywords: E32; E44; E52; F41;

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  1. Mark Gertler & Simon Gilchrist & Fabio Natalucci, 2001. "External constraints on monetary policy and the financial accelerator," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Mar.
  2. Sebastian Edwards & Carlos A. Vegh, 1997. "Banks and Macroeconomics Disturbances under Predetermined Exchange Rates," NBER Working Papers 5977, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Ben S. Bernanke, 1983. "Non-Monetary Effects of the Financial Crisis in the Propagation of the Great Depression," NBER Working Papers 1054, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohe & Martin Uribe, 2001. "Closing Small Open Economy Models," Departmental Working Papers 200115, Rutgers University, Department of Economics.
  5. Brock, Philip L, 1989. "Reserve Requirements and the Inflation Tax," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 21(1), pages 106-21, February.
  6. Andrés González & Lavan Mahadeva & Juan D. Prada & Diego Rodríguez, 2011. "Policy Analysis Tool Applied to Colombian Needs: PATACON Model Description," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 008698, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  7. Andrea Gerali & Stefano Neri & Luca Sessa & Federico M. Signoretti, 2010. "Credit and banking in a DSGE model of the euro area," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 740, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  8. Erceg, Christopher J. & Henderson, Dale W. & Levin, Andrew T., 2000. "Optimal monetary policy with staggered wage and price contracts," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 281-313, October.
  9. Andrés Felipe Arias, 2000. "The Colombian Banking Crisis: Macroeconomic Consequences And What To Expect," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003573, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  10. Uribe, Martin & Yue, Vivian Z., 2006. "Country spreads and emerging countries: Who drives whom?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 6-36, June.
  11. Martha R. López & Juan D. Prada & Norberto Rodríguez N., . "Financial Accelerator Mechanism in a Small Open Economy," Borradores de Economia 525, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  12. Oviedo, P. Marcelo, 2005. "World Interest Rate, Business Cycles, and Financial Intermediation in Small Open Economies," Staff General Research Papers 12360, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  13. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
  14. Romer, David, 1985. "Financial intermediation, reserve requirements, and inside money: A general equilibrium analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 175-194, September.
  15. Mendoza, Enrique G, 1991. "Real Business Cycles in a Small Open Economy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(4), pages 797-818, September.
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Cited by:
  1. Martha R. López & Juan David Prada, . "Optimal Monetary Policy and Asset Prices: the case of Colombia," Borradores de Economia 583, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  2. Johana Maritsa Hernández Henao & Last: Hernández Henao, 2013. "Demanda externa, términos de intercambio y el papel de la política monetaria durante la crisis de 2008," Documentos de Investigación - Research Papers 7, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA.
  3. Christian Bustamante, 2011. "Política monetaria contracíclica y encaje bancario," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 008202, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  4. Luis Eduardo Arango & Nataly Obando & Carlos Esteban Posada, . "Los salarios reales a lo largo del ciclo económico en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 666, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  5. Carrera, César, 2012. "Políticas de Encajes y Modelos Económicos," Working Papers 2012-006, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.

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