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Rigideces de los salarios a la baja en Colombia: Evidencia empírica a partir de una muestra de salarios a nivel de firma

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  • Ana María Iregui

    ()

  • Ligia Alba Melo

    ()

  • María Teresa Ramírez

    ()

Abstract

Este estudio provee evidencia microeconómica sobre la existencia y el grado de rigidez de los salarios nominales a la baja en Colombia, utilizando información a nivel de firma para el periodo 1999-2006. La rigidez se determina a través de varias técnicas estadísticas utilizadas en la literatura reciente, como el análisis de los histogramas de la distribución de los incrementos en los salarios, el estadístico LSW, y la prueba de Kahn. Adicionalmente, a partir de un ejercicio econométrico que identifica los factores que afectan la probabilidad de que los incrementos salariales sean mayores que la inflación observada, se encuentra que en época de auge económico dicha probabilidad aumenta.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 571.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:571

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Keywords: Rigidez de salarios; prueba de Kahn; estadístico LSW; Colombia. Classification JEL:J31; E24; C23.;

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References

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  1. Dickens, William T. & Götte, Lorenz & Groshen, Erica L. & Holden, Steinar & Messina, Julián & Schweitzer, Mark E. & Turunen, Jarkko & Ward-Warmedinger, Melanie, 2006. "How wages change: micro evidence from the International Wage Flexibility Project," Working Paper Series 0697, European Central Bank.
  2. Holden Steinar & Wulfsberg Fredrik, 2008. "Downward Nominal Wage Rigidity in the OECD," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 8(1), pages 1-50, April.
  3. Jacqueline Dwyer & Kenneth Leong, 2000. "Nominal Wage Rigidity in Australia," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2000-08, Reserve Bank of Australia.
  4. Brzoza-Brzezina, Michal & Socha, Jacek, 2006. "Downward nominal wage rigidity in Poland," MPRA Paper 843, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Nov 2006.
  5. Agell, J. & Lundborg, P., 1992. "Theories of Pay and Unemployment: Survey Evidence from Swedish Manufacturing Firms," Papers 1993-8, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  6. Goette, Lorenz & Sunde, Uwe & Bauer, Thomas K., 2007. "Wage rigidity: Measurement, causes and consequences," Munich Reprints in Economics 20448, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  7. David E. Lebow & David J. Stockton & William L. Wascher, 1995. "Inflation, nominal wage rigidity, and the efficiency of labor markets," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 95-45, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  8. Alan S. Blinder & Don H. Choi, 1989. "A Shred of Evidence on Theories of Wage Stickiness," NBER Working Papers 3105, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. George A. Akerlof & William R. Dickens & George L. Perry, 1996. "The Macroeconomics of Low Inflation," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 27(1), pages 1-76.
  10. Kuroda, Sachiko & Yamamoto, Isamu, 2003. "Are Japanese Nominal Wages Downwardly Rigid? (Part I): Examinations of Nominal Wage Change Distributions," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 21(2), pages 1-29, August.
  11. Andreas Behr, 2006. "Properties of the Histogram Location Approach and the Extent and Change of Downward Nominal Wage Rigidity in the EU," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 3(1), pages 15-29, June.
  12. McLaughlin, Kenneth J., 1994. "Rigid wages?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 383-414, December.
  13. Duca, John V & VanHoose, David D, 1991. "Optimal Wage Indexation in a Multisector Economy," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 32(4), pages 859-67, November.
  14. Sara G. Castellanos & Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu & David S. Kaplan, 2004. "Nominal Wage Rigidities in Mexico: Evidence from Social Security Records," NBER Working Papers 10383, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Cameron,A. Colin & Trivedi,Pravin K., 2005. "Microeconometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521848053, October.
  16. Campbell, Carl M, III & Kamlani, Kunal S, 1997. "The Reasons for Wage Rigidity: Evidence from a Survey of Firms," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 112(3), pages 759-89, August.
  17. Holden, Steinar & Wulfsberg, Fredrik, 2009. "How strong is the macroeconomic case for downward real wage rigidity?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 605-615, May.
  18. Lorenz Goette & Uwe Sunde & Thomas Bauer, 2007. "Wage Rigidity: Measurement, Causes and Consequences," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(524), pages F499-F507, November.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo & María Teresa Ramírez, . "Formación e incrementos de salarios en Colombia: Un estudio microeconómico a partir de una encuesta a nivel de firma," Borradores de Economia 582, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  2. Rafael Puyana, 2010. "El efecto Balassa-Samuelson en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007801, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  3. Luis Eduardo Arango & Nataly Obando & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2011. "Los salarios reales a lo largo del ciclo económico en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 008950, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  4. Rafael Puyana Martínez-Villaba, . "El efecto Balassa-Samuelson en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 630, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  5. Rafael Puyana Martínez-Villalba, 2011. "El efecto Balassa-Samuelson en Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 007959, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.

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