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Formación e incrementos de salarios en Colombia: Un estudio microeconómico a partir de una encuesta a nivel de firma

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  • Ana María Iregui

    ()

  • Ligia Alba Melo

    ()

  • María Teresa Ramírez

    ()

Abstract

Este estudio explora los mecanismos de fijación e incremento de los salarios, analiza la naturaleza y las fuentes de sus rigideces y evalúa el vínculo entre los cambios en los salarios y la variación de los precios de los bienes y/o servicios de las empresas, a partir de una encuesta a 1,305 firmas colombianas. Los resultados indican que los incrementos salariales son tiempo-dependientes y que la situación financiera de la empresa, su productividad y el desempeño de los trabajadores son los factores más importantes en el momento de definir los ajustes salariales. Adicionalmente, los resultados de la encuesta apoyan la presencia de rigideces nominales y reales de los salarios a la baja en Colombia y se encuentra que las razones más importante para no reducir la remuneración básica de los trabajadores, en época de difícil situación económica, están asociadas con la teoría de salarios de eficiencia, en su versión de selección adversa, y con la hipótesis del salario justo-esfuerzo.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 582.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:582

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Keywords: Fijación de salarios; incrementos salariales; rigidez de salarios; encuesta a nivel de firma. Classification JEL:C83; E24; J30; J31;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B. Author-Email:lmelobec@banrep.gov.co & María Teresa Ranírez G., . "Wage differentials across economic sectors in the Colombian formal labour market: evidence from a survey of firms," Borradores de Economia 629, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  2. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez G., . "Downward Wage Rigidities and Other Firms’ Responses to an Economic Slowdown: Evidence from a Survey of Colombian Firms," Borradores de Economia 612, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  3. Nancy Daza & Luis Fernando Gamboa, 2013. "An approximation to the Informal-formal wage gap in Colombia 2008-2012," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 010990, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  4. Iregui B., Ana Maria & Melo B., Ligia Alba & Ramírez G., María Teresa, 2012. "Wage Adjustment Practices and the Link between Price and Wages: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms," REVISTA LECTURAS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE.
  5. Nancy Daza & Luis Fernando Gamboa, 2013. "Informal-formal wage gaps in Colombia," Working Papers 301, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  6. Mauricio Olivera & Diego Escobar Uribe & Norberto Rojas Delgadillo & Julián Moreno Bonilla, 2011. "Caracterización del empleo en el sector palmicultor colombiano," CUADERNOS DE FEDESARROLLO 009268, FEDESARROLLO.
  7. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez G., . "Wage-setting Decisions on Newly Hired Employees: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms," Borradores de Economia 632, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  8. Ana María iregui & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez G., 2010. "Wage-setting Decisions on Newly Hired Employees:," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 007808, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

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