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Wage Adjustment Practices and the Link between Price and Wages: Survey Evidence from Colombian Firms

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  • Ana María Iregui B.

    ()

  • Ligia Alba Melo B.

    ()

  • María Teresa Ramírez G.

    ()

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to explore firms’ wage adjustment practices in the Colombian formal labor market; specifically, the timing and frequency of wage increases, as well as the link between wage and price changes. To this end, we use an ad hoc survey of 1,305 small, medium and large firms belonging to all economic sectors, except the public sector. The results show most of the firms adjust base wages annually, mainly during the first quarter, which suggests wage changes in Colombia are time-dependent. Also, wage increases were concentrated around observed inflation and none of the firms cut wages. Moreover, factors associated with the performance of firms and workers alike are the main determinants of wage adjustments. Regarding the link between wages and price changes, econometric results indicate this relationship is stronger in sectors where labor costs represent a higher share of total costs and in firms operating in sectors with higher labor productivity.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 660.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:660

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Keywords: Wage increases; labor market; survey evidence; logit models; Colombia. Classification JEL: D22; J30; C25.;

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  1. Giovanni Olivei & Silvana Tenreyro, 2008. "Wage Setting Patterns and Monetary Policy: International Evidence," CEP Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE dp0872, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Bertola, G. & Dabusinskas, A. & Hoeberichts, M. & Izquierdo, M. & Kwapil, C. & Montornès, J. & Radowski, D., 2010. "Price, Wage and Employment Response to Shocks: Evidence from the WDN Survey," Working papers, Banque de France 281, Banque de France.
  3. Martha Misas A. & Juan Carlos Parra A. & Enrique López E., 2011. "Heterogeneidad en la fijación de precios en Colombia: análisis de sus determinantes a partir de modelos de conteo," VNIVERSITAS ECONÓMICA 008301, UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ.
  4. Jan Babecky & Philip Du Caju & Theodora Kosma & Martina Lawless & Julian Messina & Tairi Rõõm, 2009. "Downward nominal and real wage rigidity :survey evidence from European firms," Bank of Estonia Working Papers, Bank of Estonia 2009-3, Bank of Estonia, revised 06 Dec 2009.
  5. Juan Manuel Julio & Héctor Manuel Zárate & Manuel Dario Hernández, 2010. "The Stickiness of Colombian Consumer Prices," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE.
  6. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo & María Teresa Ramírez, 2009. "Formación e incrementos de salarios en Colombia: Un estudio microeconómico a partir de una encuesta a nivel de firma," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 006286, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  7. Ernestas Virbickas, 2010. "Wage and Price Setting Behaviour of Lithuanian Firms," Bank of Lithuania Working Paper Series, Bank of Lithuania 7, Bank of Lithuania.
  8. Luis Eduardo Arango & Luz Karine Ardila & Miguel Igancio Gómez, 2010. "Efecto del cambio del salario mínimo en el precio de las comidas fuera del hogar en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 006621, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  9. Martine Druant & Silvia Fabiani & Gábor Kézdi & Ana Lamo & Fernando Martins & Roberto Sabbatini, 2012. "How are firms’ wages and prices linked: survey evidence in Europe," MNB Occasional Papers, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (the central bank of Hungary) 2012/102, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (the central bank of Hungary).
  10. Campbell, Carl M, III & Kamlani, Kunal S, 1997. "The Reasons for Wage Rigidity: Evidence from a Survey of Firms," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 112(3), pages 759-89, August.
  11. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez G., . "Downward Wage Rigidities and Other Firms’ Responses to an Economic Slowdown: Evidence from a Survey of Colombian Firms," Borradores de Economia 612, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  12. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Alba Melo & María Teresa Ramírez, 2010. "Incrementos y rigideces de los salarios en Colombia: Un estudio a partir de una encuesta," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
  13. Ana María Iregui B. & Ligia Alba Melo B. & María Teresa Ramírez G., . "Are wages rigid in Colombia?: Empirical evidence based on a sample of wages at the firm level," Borradores de Economia 571i, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  14. Mihai Copaciu & Florian Neagu & Horia Braun-Erdei, 2010. "Survey evidence on price-setting patterns of Romanian firms," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(2-3), pages 235-247.
  15. Jan Babecky & Kamil Dybczak & Kamil Galuscak, 2008. "Survey on Wage and Price Formation of Czech Firms," Working Papers, Czech National Bank, Research Department 2008/12, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
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