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Travail et maternité en Europe: conditions de travail et politiques publiques

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  • Jérôme De Henau
  • Leila Maron
  • Danièle Meulders
  • Sile Padraigin O'Dorchai

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyse the cost of motherhood in terms of working conditions and to measure the (positive or negative) impact of public policies on women's decisions with respect to motherhood and employment. The results show that inactivity is the main determinant of the employment gap between mothers and non-mothers. However, the impact of part-time is menthionworthly in Luxembourg, Austria, the United-Kingdom and the Netherlands. In terms of public policies, a good child care system is the most effective way to safeguard parents' employment. Ideally, maternity leave should not stretch beyond the period that is health-wise necessary in order not to put at risk future employability. The same holds true for parental leave: it should be short and shared between both parents.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its journal Brussels economic review.

Volume (Year): 50 (2007)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 63-88

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Handle: RePEc:bxr:bxrceb:y:2007:v:50:i:1:p:63-88

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Keywords: conditions de travail; emploi; maternité; politiques publiques;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Henri Capron, 2007. "Politique de cohésion et développement régional," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 07-16.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  2. Henri Capron & Michele Cincera, 2007. "EU pre-competitive and near-the-market S&T collaborations," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 50(1), pages 135-159.
  3. Oscar Bernal Diaz & Kim Oosterlinck & Ariane Szafarz, 2008. "Observing bailout expectations during a total eclipse of the sun," Working Papers CEB, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-015.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  4. Sile Padraigin O'Dorchai, 2008. "Pay inequality in 25 European countries," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-06rs, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  5. Hassan Ayoub & Jérôme Creel & Etienne Farvaque, 2008. "Détermination du niveau des prix et finances: le cas du Liban 1965-2005," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-10.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  6. Jean-Luc Demeulemeester & Olivier Debande, 2008. "Quality and Variety Competition in Higher Education," Working Papers, Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC) 08-10, Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC).
  7. Ariane Szafarz, 2007. "Hiring people-like-yourself: a representation of discrimination on the job market," Working Papers CEB, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 07-021.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  8. Charles Plaigin, 2009. "Exploratory study on the presence of cultural and institutional growth spillovers," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 09-03.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  9. Benoît Mahy & François Rycx & Mélanie Volral, 2008. "L'influence de la dispersion salariale sur la performance des grandes entreprises belges," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 27-40.
  10. Pierre-Guillaume Méon & Ariane Szafarz, 2008. "Labor market discrimination as an agency cost," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-19.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  11. Ilan Tojerow, 2008. "Industry Wage Differentials Rent Sharing and Gender in Belgium," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 55-65.
  12. Abdeslam Marfouk, 2008. "The African brain drain: scope and determinants," DULBEA Working Papers, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 08-07.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

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