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Demokratische Beteiligung und Staatsausgaben: Die Auswirkungen des Frauenstimmrechts

  • Alois Stutzer
  • Lukas Kienast

In dieser Arbeit werden die Auswirkungen des Frauenstimmrechts auf die Staatsausgaben in den Kantonen der Schweiz untersucht. Anhand dieser institutionell bedingten Veränderung des Elektorats studieren wir den Zusammenhang zwischen repräsentierten Bürgerpräferenzen und dem Ergebnis des politischen Prozesses. Da Frauen im Durchschnitt einkommensärmer sind als Männer, steigt mit ihrer Beteiligung gemäss Theorien zur Grösse des Staatshaushaltes die Nachfrage nach staatlichen Leistungen. Entgegen der Hypothese schätzen wir jedoch eine dämpfende Wirkung des Frauenstimmrechts auf die Entwicklung der Gesamtausgaben. Die zeitlich unterschiedliche Einführung des Rechts erlaubt dabei die Berücksichtigung allgemeiner Trends in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Als Erklärungsversuche diskutieren wir die Möglichkeit fiskalisch konservativer Frauen und einer Wechselwirkung des Frauenstimmrechts mit den direktdemokratischen Institutionen.

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Paper provided by Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich in its series IEW - Working Papers with number 210.

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