IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Increasing tax transparency: Investor reactions to the country-by-country reporting requirement for EU financial institutions


  • Dutt, Verena
  • Ludwig, Christopher A.
  • Nicolay, Katharina
  • Vay, Heiko
  • Voget, Johannes


We employ an event study methodology to investigate the stock price reaction around the day of the political decision to include a country-by-country reporting obligation for EU financial institutions. We do not find significant abnormal returns for the banks affected. Sample splits according to the effective tax rate and the degree of B2C orientation do not reveal a more pronounced negative investor response for banks engaging more strongly in tax avoidance or being potentially more concerned about reputational risks, respectively. We conclude that the implementation of a CbCR requirement for EU financial institutions did not trigger a noticeable investor response. Contrary prior findings regarding other public tax disclosure obligations might be driven by the distinct motivation of the rules and the way the information is presented. We contend that capital market reactions to an upcoming increase in tax transparency are not generalizable to other industries and settings, but that consideration must be given to the context and the exact design of the rule.

Suggested Citation

  • Dutt, Verena & Ludwig, Christopher A. & Nicolay, Katharina & Vay, Heiko & Voget, Johannes, 2018. "Increasing tax transparency: Investor reactions to the country-by-country reporting requirement for EU financial institutions," ZEW Discussion Papers 18-019, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:18019

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli & Huizinga, Harry, 2001. "The taxation of domestic and foreign banking," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(3), pages 429-453, March.
    2. Brooks, Chris & Godfrey, Chris & Hillenbrand, Carola & Money, Kevin, 2016. "Do investors care about corporate taxes?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 218-248.
    3. Frischmann, Peter J. & Shevlin, Terry & Wilson, Ryan, 2008. "Economic consequences of increasing the conformity in accounting for uncertain tax benefits," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2-3), pages 261-278, December.
    4. Johannesen, Niels & Larsen, Dan Thor, 2016. "The power of financial transparency: An event study of country-by-country reporting standards," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 145(C), pages 120-122.
    5. Arthur J. Cockfield & Carl D. MacArthur, 2015. "Country-by-Country Reporting and Commercial Confidentiality," Canadian Tax Journal, Canadian Tax Foundation, vol. 63(3), pages 627-660.
    6. Morten Bennedsen & Stefan Zeume, 2018. "Corporate Tax Havens and Transparency," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 31(4), pages 1221-1264.
    7. Zahn Bozanic & Jeffrey L. Hoopes & Jacob R. Thornock & Braden M. Williams, 2017. "IRS Attention," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(1), pages 79-114, March.
    8. Dominika Langenmayr & Franz Reiter, 2017. "Trading Offshore: Evidence on Banks' Tax Avoidance," CESifo Working Paper Series 6664, CESifo Group Munich.
    9. Hoopes, Jeffrey L. & Robinson, Leslie & Slemrod, Joel, 2018. "Public tax-return disclosure," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1), pages 142-162.
    10. Scott D. Dyreng & Jeffrey L. Hoopes & Jaron H. Wilde, 2016. "Public Pressure and Corporate Tax Behavior," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(1), pages 147-186, March.
    11. Desai, Mihir A. & Dharmapala, Dhammika, 2006. "Corporate tax avoidance and high-powered incentives," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(1), pages 145-179, January.
    12. Merz, Julia & Overesch, Michael, 2016. "Profit shifting and tax response of multinational banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 57-68.
    13. Austin, David H, 1993. "An Event-Study Approach to Measuring Innovative Output: The Case of Biotechnology," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 253-258, May.
    14. Alexander Hillert & Heiko Jacobs & Sebastian Müller, 2014. "Media Makes Momentum," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 27(12), pages 3467-3501.
    15. Grace Gu & Ruud Mooij & Tigran Poghosyan, 2015. "Taxation and leverage in international banking," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 22(2), pages 177-200, April.
    16. Jost H. Heckemeyer & Michael Overesch, 2017. "Multinationals profit response to tax differentials: Effect size and shifting channels," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 50(4), pages 965-994, November.
    17. Lang, M & Lundholm, R, 1993. "Cross-Sectional Determinants Of Analyst Ratings Of Corporate Disclosures," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(2), pages 246-271.
    18. Hanlon, Michelle & Laplante, Stacie Kelley & Shevlin, Terry, 2005. "Evidence for the Possible Information Loss of Conforming Book Income and Taxable Income," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 48(2), pages 407-442, October.
    19. A. Craig MacKinlay, 1997. "Event Studies in Economics and Finance," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(1), pages 13-39, March.
    20. Hanlon, Michelle & Slemrod, Joel, 2009. "What does tax aggressiveness signal? Evidence from stock price reactions to news about tax shelter involvement," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(1-2), pages 126-141, February.
    21. John Gallemore & Edward L. Maydew & Jacob R. Thornock, 2014. "The Reputational Costs of Tax Avoidance," Contemporary Accounting Research, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 31(4), pages 1103-1133, December.
    22. Franco Fiordelisi & Maria-Gaia Soana & Paola Schwizer, 2014. "Reputational losses and operational risk in banking," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(2), pages 105-124, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Petr Jansky, 2018. "European Banks and Tax Havens: Evidence from Country-by-Country Reporting," Working Papers IES 2018/38, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Dec 2018.
    2. Gawehn, Vanessa, 2019. "Banks and corporate income taxation: A review," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 247, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.
    3. Klein, Daniel & Ludwig, Christopher A. & Spengel, Christoph, 2019. "Ring-fencing digital corporations: Investor reaction to the European Commission's digital tax proposals," ZEW Discussion Papers 19-050, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.

    More about this item


    Tax Avoidance; Profit Shifting; Country-by-Country Reporting; Financial Institutions; Market Reaction;

    JEL classification:

    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:18019. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.