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Das Management von Innovationsclustern: Die operative Clusterführung

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  • Gull, Isabel
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    [Einleitung] Cluster als räumliche Agglomerationen von Unternehmen derselben Branche sind keine Modeerscheinung, auch wenn sie seit der Entwicklung des Cluster Approach durch Michael Porter in den 1990er Jahren vermehrt große wissenschaftliche und politische Aufmerksamkeit auf sich ziehen. Bereits Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts erkannte und analysierte Alfred Marshall dieses Phänomen unter dem Begriff Industrial Districts. Insbesondere der Einsatz von Innovationsclustern als Instrument zur Steigerung der Innovationsfähigkeit und somit der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der Wirtschaft in hoch entwickelten Regionen liegt im Fokus des Interesses. Innovationsaktivitäten werden durch die Kooperation und eine intensive Kommunikation der Clustermitglieder (z. B. große Unternehmen, kleine und mittlere Unternehmen (KMU), Forschungsinstitute, Venture Capital Firmen und Ausbildungsorganisationen) gefördert. Hierdurch werden der Transfer und die Kombination bestehenden Wissens sowie die Generierung neuen Wissens angeregt. Das Management von Clustern zur Nutzung dieser Potenziale wird dabei häufig vernachlässigt. Die vorliegende Arbeit analysiert die operative Clusterführung, die dazu beiträgt, die Stärken dieser Organisationsform effektiv zu nutzen. Ziel ist es, Ausgestaltungsmöglichkeiten aufzuzeigen und theoretisch zu analysieren. Dazu wird in Kapitel 2 zunächst der Clusterbegriff abgegrenzt und eine grundlegende Systematisierung des Clustermanagements eingeführt. Anschließend werden in Kapitel 3 die verschiedenen Elemente der operativen Clusterführung untersucht. Hierzu zählen die Finanzierung des Clusters, Clusterservices als Dienstleistungsangebote des Clustermanagements für die Mitglieder, das Wissensmanagement und die Regulierungsfunktion des Clustermanagements. In Kapitel 4 schließt die Arbeit mit einem Fazit und einer Darstellung des weiteren Forschungsbedarfs.

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    Paper provided by University of Münster, Institute for Cooperatives in its series Arbeitspapiere with number 137.

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    Date of creation: 2013
    Handle: RePEc:zbw:wwuifg:137
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    1. Robert Huggins & Andrew Johnston, 2009. "Knowledge Networks in an Uncompetitive Region: SME Innovation and Growth," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(2), pages 227-259.
    2. Michael Fritsch & Viktor Slavtchev, 2007. "Universities and Innovation in Space," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(2), pages 201-218.
    3. Gull, Isabel, 2013. "Die Governance von Innovationsclustern: Eine Analyse der Meta- und der Mesoebene," Arbeitspapiere 131, University of Münster, Institute for Cooperatives.
    4. Fromhold-Eisebith, Martina & Eisebith, Gunter, 2005. "How to institutionalize innovative clusters? Comparing explicit top-down and implicit bottom-up approaches," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1250-1268, October.
    5. Jose M. Barrutia & Carmen Echebarria, 2010. "An Evolutionary View of Policy Network Management," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(3), pages 379-401, February.
    6. Marc Gagné & Shannon H Townsend & Isabelle Bourgeois & Rebecca E Hart, 2010. "Technology cluster evaluation and growth factors: literature review," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(2), pages 82-90, June.
    7. Thomas Brenner & André Mühlig, 2007. "Factors and Mechanisms Causing the Emergence of Local Industrial Clusters - A Meta-Study of 159 Cases," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2007-23, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    8. Cali Nuur & Linda Gustavsson & Staffan Laestadius, 2009. "Promoting Regional Innovation Systems in a Global Context," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(1), pages 123-139.
    9. Robert Hassink, 2005. "How to unlock regional economies from path dependency? From learning region to learning cluster," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(4), pages 521-535, June.
    10. Effie Kesidou & Marjolein Caniëls & Henny Romijn, 2009. "Local Knowledge Spillovers and Development: An Exploration of the Software Cluster in Uruguay," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(2), pages 247-272.
    11. Dan Kaufmann & Dafna Schwartz, 2009. "Networking strategies of young biotechnology firms in Israel," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 43(3), pages 599-613, September.
    12. Andrea Morrison & Roberta Rabellotti, 2008. "Knowledge and Information Networks in an Italian Wine Cluster," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(7), pages 983-1006, August.
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