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Wettbewerb bei unvollständiger Information: Informationsaustausch oder stillschweigende Kollusion?

Author

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  • Stadler, Manfred
  • Hornig, Stephan O.

Abstract

Der Beitrag sollte verdeutlichen, dass sich seit den Pioniermodellen mit unvollständiger Information mittlerweile eine recht heterogene Klasse von Ansätzen etabliert hat, die sich unter alternativen Grundannahmen mit der Frage auseinandersetzen, ob Unternehmen angesichts diverser Unsicherheiten auf ihren Märkten einen Anreiz besitzen, ihre privaten Informationen mit Konkurrenten zu teilen (Informationsaustausch) oder diese für sich zu behalten (stillschweigende Kollusion). Auf der Basis der bestehenden Literatur demonstrierte der vorliegende Beitrag ausgehend von einem Referenzmodell mit vollständiger Information die einfachst mögliche Modellierung unvollständiger Kosten- und Nachfrageinformation, mit der sich die Frage des Informationsaustausches zwischen Unternehmen in oligopolistischen Marktstrukturen modelltheoretisch erfassen lässt. Er liefert eine einleuchtende Erklärung für das immer wieder festzustellende Phänomen, dass die Unternehmen einer Branche zwar ihre jeweiligen Informationen über die Nachfragesituation bereitwillig den Konkurrenten zur Verfügung stellen, jedoch keinerlei Informationen über die verwendete Produktionstechnologie preisgeben. Die optimale Informationspolitik eines erfolgreichen Unternehmens obliegt folglich der Kunst zu wissen, worüber man spricht und worüber man besser schweigt.

Suggested Citation

  • Stadler, Manfred & Hornig, Stephan O., 2000. "Wettbewerb bei unvollständiger Information: Informationsaustausch oder stillschweigende Kollusion?," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 177, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:tuedps:177
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gal-Or, Esther, 1985. "Information Sharing in Oligopoly," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(2), pages 329-343, March.
    2. Li, Lode & McKelvey, Richard D. & Page, Talbot, 1987. "Optimal research for cournot oligopolists," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 140-166, June.
    3. Dov Fried, 1984. "Incentives for Information Production and Disclosure in a Duopolistic Environment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 99(2), pages 367-381.
    4. Hviid, Morten, 1989. "Risk-Averse Duopolists and Voluntary Information Transmission," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(1), pages 49-64, September.
    5. Vives, Xavier, 1984. "Duopoly information equilibrium: Cournot and bertrand," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 71-94, October.
    6. Yasuhiro Sakai & Akihiko Yoshizumi, 1991. "The impact of risk aversion on information transmission between firms," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 53(1), pages 51-73, February.
    7. Hornig, Stephan O., 1999. "Informationsaustausch und trotzdem Wettbewerb? Unternehmensverhalten bei Nachfrageunsicherheit," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 160, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    8. Bulow, Jeremy I & Geanakoplos, John D & Klemperer, Paul D, 1985. "Multimarket Oligopoly: Strategic Substitutes and Complements," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(3), pages 488-511, June.
    9. Raith, Michael, 1996. "A General Model of Information Sharing in Oligopoly," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 260-288, October.
    10. Carl Shapiro, 1986. "Exchange of Cost Information in Oligopoly," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 433-446.
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    Cited by:

    1. Koepke, Nikola & Baten, Joerg, 2005. "The biological standard of living in Europe during the last two millennia," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(01), pages 61-95, April.
    2. Baten, Jörg & Wallusch, Jacek, 2003. "Market integration and disintegration of Poland and Gemany [Germany] in the 18th century," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 268, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.

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    Wettbewerb;

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