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Cooperative Property Rights and Development: Evidence from Land Reform in El Salvador: A Comment

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  • Kjelsrud, Anders
  • Kotsadam, Andreas
  • Rogeberg, Ole

Abstract

Montero (2022) explores a discontinuity in a land reform in El Salvador and reports two main findings. First, relative to outside-owned haciendas operated by contract workers, the productivity of worker-owned cooperatives is higher for staple crops and lower for cash-crop. Second, cooperative property rights increase workers' incomes and compress wage distributions. In this comment, we show that the latter result rests on two mistakes: three-quarters of the observations are duplicates and income inequality is calculated over too few workers to be meaningful. When corrected, the data sources and research design provide no credible evidence regarding the causal effects of ownership structure on income levels and inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Kjelsrud, Anders & Kotsadam, Andreas & Rogeberg, Ole, 2023. "Cooperative Property Rights and Development: Evidence from Land Reform in El Salvador: A Comment," I4R Discussion Paper Series 20, The Institute for Replication (I4R), revised 2023.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:i4rdps:20
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    1. Boberg-Fazlić, Nina & Lampe, Markus & Martinelli Lasheras, Pablo & Sharp, Paul, 2022. "Winners and losers from agrarian reform: Evidence from Danish land inequality 1682–1895," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 155(C).
    2. Eduardo Montero, 2022. "Cooperative Property Rights and Development: Evidence from Land Reform in El Salvador," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 130(1), pages 48-93.
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    Cited by:

    1. Guillaume Coqueret, 2023. "Forking paths in financial economics," Papers 2401.08606, arXiv.org.

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