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Selling hope? A review of current youth unemployment initiatives in Cairo


  • Pettit, Harry


Young university educated Egyptians continue to face difficulties in securing employment, particularly employment that matches their skill-level and provides a solid foundation for marriage. This has direct implications for the country’s social stability, and for maximisation of its labour resources. Existing initiatives – including soft-skills and entrepreneurship training, as well as a promotion of call centre work – which are designed to tackle the problem are not making a positive difference. Using eleven months of grounded qualitative research, this paper argues that they rather promote a false sense of hope to youth who become stuck in cycles of precarious work, by extending the meritocratic idea that individual hard work alone leads to success. The paper finishes by suggesting that policy-makers must focus more attention on addressing shortages in secure white-collar work, as well as inequalities in access to capital, education and social connections, instead of placing blame on ‘lazy’ youth, in order to maximize the potential of Egypt’s youth and deliver inclusive economic prosperity.

Suggested Citation

  • Pettit, Harry, 2018. "Selling hope? A review of current youth unemployment initiatives in Cairo," GLO Discussion Paper Series 235, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:235

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Christine Binzel & Jean†Paul Carvalho, 2017. "Education, Social Mobility and Religious Movements: The Islamic Revival in Egypt," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 127(607), pages 2553-2580, December.
    2. Isabelle Darmon & Coralie Perez, 2011. "'Conduct of conduct' or the shaping of 'adequate dispositions'? Labour market and career guidance in four European countries," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00563220, HAL.
    3. Binzel, Christine & Carvalho, Jean-Paul, 2013. "Education, Social Mobility and Religious Movements: A Theory of the Islamic Revival in Egypt," IZA Discussion Papers 7259, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Christine Binzel & Jean‐Paul Carvalho, 2017. "Education, Social Mobility and Religious Movements: The Islamic Revival in Egypt," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 127(607), pages 2553-2580.
    5. Assaad, Ragui & Krafft, Caroline (ed.), 2015. "The Egyptian Labor Market in an Era of Revolution," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198737254, Decembrie.
    6. Catherine Dolan & Dinah Rajak, 2016. "Remaking Africa’s Informal Economies: Youth, Entrepreneurship and the Promise of Inclusion at the Bottom of the Pyramid," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(4), pages 514-529, April.
    7. World Bank, 2012. "World Development Report 2012 [Rapport sur le développement dans le monde 2012]," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 4391, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Caroline Krafft & Reham Rizk, 2018. "The Promise and Peril of Youth Entrepreneurship in MENA," Working Papers 1257, Economic Research Forum, revised 19 Nov 2018.

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    More about this item


    youth; unemployment; training; entrepreneurship; meritocracy; hope;
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