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Cross-border or online: Tax competition with mobile consumers under destination and origin principle

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  • Birg, Laura

Abstract

This paper studies the effect of an online retailer on spatial tax competition with mobile consumers. If taxation for online purchases follows the destination principle, the entry of the online retailer mitigates tax competition; if taxation for online purchases follows the origin principle, the entry of the online retailer enhances tax competition. Lower cost of online shopping enhances the effect of the online retailer on tax competition, limited internet access decreases the effect of the online retailer on tax competition. For sufficiently low cost of online shopping, welfare in the country where the online retailer is located is higher under the origin principle and welfare in the other country is higher under the destination principle. Total welfare is higher under the destination principle.

Suggested Citation

  • Birg, Laura, 2015. "Cross-border or online: Tax competition with mobile consumers under destination and origin principle," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 265, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cegedp:265
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Liran Einav & Dan Knoepfle & Jonathan Levin & Neel Sundaresan, 2014. "Sales Taxes and Internet Commerce," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(1), pages 1-26, January.
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    14. repec:kap:iaecre:v:16:y:2010:i:2:p:135-148 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    tax competition; cross-border shopping; online retailer; destination principle; origin principle;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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