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How does P2P lending fit into the consumer credit market?

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  • de Roure, Calebe
  • Pelizzon, Loriana
  • Tasca, Paolo

Abstract

Why do retail consumers look for P2P financial intermediation? Are internetbased peer-to-peer (P2P) loans a substitute for or a complement to bank loans? In this study we answer these questions by comparing P2P lending with the nonconstruction consumer credit market in Germany. We show that P2P lending is servicing a slice of the consumer credit market neglected by banks, namely highrisk and small-sized loans. Nevertheless, when accounting for the risk differential, interest rates are very similar. Our conclusion is that P2P lending is substituting the banking sector for high-risk consumer loans since banks are unwilling or unable to supply this slice of the market. Our study serves to show where the institutionalization of credit provision has left a slice of the market unsupplied.

Suggested Citation

  • de Roure, Calebe & Pelizzon, Loriana & Tasca, Paolo, 2016. "How does P2P lending fit into the consumer credit market?," Discussion Papers 30/2016, Deutsche Bundesbank.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdps:302016
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    Cited by:

    1. Stijn Claessens & Jon Frost & Grant Turner & Feng Zhu, 2018. "Fintech credit markets around the world: size, drivers and policy issues," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, September.
    2. Olena Havrylchyk & Aref Mahdavi-Ardekani, 2020. "Real effects of lending-based crowdfunding platforms on the SMEs," Post-Print halshs-02994903, HAL.
    3. Jon Frost & Leonardo Gambacorta & Yi Huang & Hyun Song Shin & Pablo Zbinden, 2019. "BigTech and the changing structure of financial intermediation," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 34(100), pages 761-799.
    4. Leonardo Gambacorta & Yiping Huang & Zhenhua Li & Han Qiu & Shu Chen, 2020. "Data vs collateral," BIS Working Papers 881, Bank for International Settlements.
    5. Wolfgang Pointner & Burkhard Raunig, 2018. "A primer on peer-to-peer lending: immediate financial intermediation in practice," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q3/18, pages 36-51.
    6. Mustafa Caglayan & Oleksandr Talavera & Lin Xiong & Jing Zhang, 2022. "What does not kill us makes us stronger: the story of repetitive consumer loan applications," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(1), pages 46-65, January.
    7. Cornelli, Giulio & Frost, Jon & Gambacorta, Leonardo & Rau, Raghavendra & Wardrop, Robert & Ziegler, Tania, 2020. "Fintech and big tech credit: a new database," CEPR Discussion Papers 15357, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Knyazeva, Anzhela, 2019. "Financial innovation in microcap public offerings," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 283-305.
    9. Kräussl, Roman & Kräussl, Zsofia & Pollet, Joshua & Rinne, Kalle, 2018. "The performance of marketplace lenders: Evidence from lending club payment data," CFS Working Paper Series 598, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    10. Leonardo Gambacorta & Yiping Huang & Han Qiu & Jingyi Wang, 2019. "How do machine learning and non-traditional data affect credit scoring? New evidence from a Chinese fintech firm," BIS Working Papers 834, Bank for International Settlements.
    11. Lu, Haitian & Wang, Bo & Wang, Haizhi & Zhao, Tianyu, 2020. "Does social capital matter for peer-to-peer-lending? Empirical evidence," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).
    12. Christoph Bertsch & Isaiah Hull & Xin Zhang, 2021. "Monetary Normalizations and Consumer Credit: Evidence from Fed Liftoff and Online Lending," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 17(71), pages 1-47, December.
    13. Olena Havrylchyk, 2018. "Regulatory framework for the loan-based crowdfunding platforms," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-03201936, HAL.
    14. Majid Bazarbash, 2019. "FinTech in Financial Inclusion: Machine Learning Applications in Assessing Credit Risk," IMF Working Papers 2019/109, International Monetary Fund.
    15. Dömötör, Barbara & Ölvedi, Tímea, 2021. "A személyközi hitelezés létjogosultsága a pénzügyi közvetítésben [The relevance of peer-to-peer lending in financial intermediation]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 773-793.
    16. Fu, Jonathan & Mishra, Mrinal, 2022. "Fintech in the time of COVID−19: Technological adoption during crises," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 50(C).
    17. Nadia Nahar Purkayastha & Şule Erdem Tuzlukaya, 2020. "Determination Of The Benefits And Risks Of Peer-To-Peer (P2p) Lending: A Social Network Teory Approach," Copernican Journal of Finance & Accounting, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 9(3), pages 131-143.
    18. Tu D. Q. Le & Tin H. Ho & Dat T. Nguyen & Thanh Ngo, 2021. "Fintech Credit and Bank Efficiency: International Evidence," IJFS, MDPI, vol. 9(3), pages 1-16, August.
    19. Erik Dolson & Julapa Jagtiani, 2021. "Which Lenders Are More Likely to Reach Out to Underserved Consumers: Banks versus Fintechs versus Other Nonbanks?," Working Papers 21-17, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    20. Caroline Stern, 2017. "Fintechs and their emergence in banking services in CESEE," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q3/17, pages 42-58.
    21. Olena Havrylchyk, 2018. "Regulatory framework for the loan-based crowdfunding platforms," Post-Print hal-03201936, HAL.
    22. Pacelli, Vincenzo & Miglietta, Federica & Foglia, Matteo, 2022. "The extreme risk connectedness of the new financial system: European evidence," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 84(C).
    23. O. Lunyakov V. & N. Lunyakova A. & О. Луняков В. & Н. Лунякова А., 2018. "Развитие каналов кредитования в условиях перехода к цифровой экономике: моделирование спроса // The Development of Credit Channels in the transition to the Digital Economy: Demand Modelling," Финансы: теория и практика/Finance: Theory and Practice // Finance: Theory and Practice, ФГОБУВО Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации // Financial University under The Government of Russian Federation, vol. 22(5), pages 76-89.
    24. Difang Huang & Zhengyang Bao, 2020. "Gender Differences in Reaction to Enforcement Mechanisms: A Large-Scale Natural Field Experiment," Monash Economics Working Papers 08-20, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    25. Bertsch, Christoph & Hull, Isaiah & Qi, Yingjie & Zhang, Xin, 2020. "Bank misconduct and online lending," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    P2P lending; financial intermediation; consumer credit;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • L86 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Information and Internet Services; Computer Software

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