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How does P2P lending fit into the consumer credit market?


  • de Roure, Calebe
  • Pelizzon, Loriana
  • Tasca, Paolo


Why do retail consumers look for P2P financial intermediation? Are internetbased peer-to-peer (P2P) loans a substitute for or a complement to bank loans? In this study we answer these questions by comparing P2P lending with the nonconstruction consumer credit market in Germany. We show that P2P lending is servicing a slice of the consumer credit market neglected by banks, namely highrisk and small-sized loans. Nevertheless, when accounting for the risk differential, interest rates are very similar. Our conclusion is that P2P lending is substituting the banking sector for high-risk consumer loans since banks are unwilling or unable to supply this slice of the market. Our study serves to show where the institutionalization of credit provision has left a slice of the market unsupplied.

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  • de Roure, Calebe & Pelizzon, Loriana & Tasca, Paolo, 2016. "How does P2P lending fit into the consumer credit market?," Discussion Papers 30/2016, Deutsche Bundesbank.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdps:302016

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Stijn Claessens & Jon Frost & Grant Turner & Feng Zhu, 2018. "Fintech credit markets around the world: size, drivers and policy issues," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, September.
    2. Jon Frost & Leonardo Gambacorta & Yi Huang & Hyun Song Shin & Pablo Zbinden, 2019. "BigTech and the changing structure of financial intermediation," BIS Working Papers 779, Bank for International Settlements.
    3. Wolfgang Pointner & Burkhard Raunig, 2018. "A primer on peer-to-peer lending: immediate financial intermediation in practice," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q3/18, pages 36-51.
    4. Mustafa Caglayan & Oleksandr Talavera & Lin Xiong & Jing Zhang, 2019. "What does not kill us makes us stronger: the story of repetitive consumer loan applications," Discussion Papers 19-01, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham.
    5. Knyazeva, Anzhela, 2019. "Financial innovation in microcap public offerings," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 283-305.
    6. Majid Bazarbash, 2019. "FinTech in Financial Inclusion: Machine Learning Applications in Assessing Credit Risk," IMF Working Papers 19/109, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Kräussl, Roman & Kräussl, Zsofia & Pollet, Joshua & Rinne, Kalle, 2018. "The performance of marketplace lenders: Evidence from lending club payment data," CFS Working Paper Series 598, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    8. Leonardo Gambacorta & Yiping Huang & Han Qiu & Jingyi Wang, 2019. "How do machine learning and non-traditional data affect credit scoring? New evidence from a Chinese fintech firm," BIS Working Papers 834, Bank for International Settlements.
    9. Xin Zhang & Christoph Bertsch & Isaiah Hull, 2017. "Monetary Normalizations and Consumer Credit: Evidence from Fed Liftoff and Online Lending," 2017 Meeting Papers 442, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    10. Caroline Stern, 2017. "Fintechs and their emergence in banking services in CESEE," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q3/17, pages 42-58.
    11. O. Lunyakov V. & N. Lunyakova A. & О. Луняков В. & Н. Лунякова А., 2018. "Развитие каналов кредитования в условиях перехода к цифровой экономике: моделирование спроса // The Development of Credit Channels in the transition to the Digital Economy: Demand Modelling," Финансы: теория и практика/Finance: Theory and Practice // Finance: Theory and Practice, ФГОБУВО Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации // Financial University under The Government of Russian Federation, vol. 22(5), pages 76-89.
    12. Bertsch, Christoph & Hull, Isaiah & Qi, Yingjie & Zhang, Xin, 2020. "Bank misconduct and online lending," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 116(C).

    More about this item


    P2P lending; financial intermediation; consumer credit;

    JEL classification:

    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • L86 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Information and Internet Services; Computer Software

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