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The timeless perspective vs. discretion: theory and monetary policy implications for an open economy

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  • Guender, Alfred V.

Abstract

This paper proposes an open-economy Phillips Curve that features a real exchange rate channel. The resulting target rule under optimal policy from a timeless perspective (TP) involves additional history dependence in the form of lagged inflation. The target rule also depends on the discount factor as well as IS and Phillips Curve parameters. This is in sharp contrast to a closed economy where the target rule depends only on the change in the output gap, the current rate of inflation and the structural parameter in the Phillips Curve. Because of the additional history dependence in an open economy, price level targeting is no longer consistent with optimal policy. If a real exchange rate channel does not exist in the Phillips Curve, monetary policy eases in the wake of a positive cost-push disturbance under policy from a TP and is thus diametrically opposed to same under discretion. Maximum gains accrue from commitment relative to discretion in an open economy where the real exchange rate is absent from the Phillips Curve and the policymaker places strong emphasis on maintaining price stability.

Suggested Citation

  • Guender, Alfred V., 2007. "The timeless perspective vs. discretion: theory and monetary policy implications for an open economy," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2007,29, Deutsche Bundesbank.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdp1:6479
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Malikane, Christopher, 2012. "The microfoundations of the Keynesian wage-price spiral," MPRA Paper 42921, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 29 Nov 2012.
    2. Lahcen, BOUNADER, 2016. "Optimal Monetary Policy in Behavioral New Keynesian Model," MPRA Paper 74743, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Timeless Perspective; Discretion; Price Level Targeting; Exchange Rate Channel;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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