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Herfindahl-Hirschman Meets International Trade and Development Theories


  • Mitchell H. Kellman

    () (Department of Economics, The City College of New York, and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York)

  • Yochanan Shachmurove

    () (Department of Economics, The City College of New York, and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York)


To date there does not exist one a generally acceptable measure or index of Specialization in International Trade. Development Economic Theory embraces the expectation of a direct relationship between economic growth and export diversification. However, International Trade Theory supports the association of export expansion with increased specialization. The paper proposes a Specialization Index and applies it to six small developing countries: Singapore, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Tunisia and Morocco, during the years of their take offs. Additionally, the index is applied to the two large fast growing economies of Chine and India.

Suggested Citation

  • Mitchell H. Kellman & Yochanan Shachmurove, 2011. "Herfindahl-Hirschman Meets International Trade and Development Theories," Working Papers 50, Department of Applied Econometrics, Warsaw School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wse:wpaper:50

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Vollrath, Thomas L. & Johnston, Paul V., 1991. "The Influence of the Commodity Composition of Trade on Economic Growth," Journal of Agricultural Economics Research, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, issue 1.
    2. Kazunobu Hayakawa, 2007. "Growth Of Intermediate Goods Trade In East Asia," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(4), pages 511-523, October.
    3. Christopher Balding, 2010. "Joining the World Trade Organization: What is the Impact?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(1), pages 193-206, February.
    4. Kravis, Irving B & Lipsey, Robert E, 1982. "Prices and Market Shares in the International Machinery Trade," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 64(1), pages 110-116, February.
    5. Iordanis Petsas, 2010. "Sustained Comparative Advantage and Semi-Endogenous Growth," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(1), pages 34-47, February.
    6. Irving B. Kravis & Robert E. Lipsey, 1971. "Price Competitiveness in World Trade," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number krav71-1, January.
    7. Joshua Aizenman & Jaewoo Lee, 2010. "Real Exchange Rate, Mercantilism And The Learning By Doing Externality," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(3), pages 324-335, August.
    8. Sebastian Claro, 2009. "FDI Liberalization as a Source of Comparative Advantage in China," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(4), pages 740-753, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Annamaria Simonazzi & Andrea Ginzburg & Gianluigi Nocella, 2013. "Economic relations between Germany and southern Europe," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 37(3), pages 653-675.

    More about this item


    Trade Specialization Indices; Development Theory; Developing Country Export Compositions; International Trade Theory; Trade in Manufactures; Trade and Transformation; Singapore; South Korea; Malaysia; Mexico; Tunisia; Morocco; China; India.;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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