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El Congreso y el Presupuesto Nacional : Desempeño y Condicionantes de su rol en el Proceso Presupuestario

  • Gerardo Uña

    (Konrad Adenauer Stiftung)

En la Argentina, el Congreso tiene asignado un rol central en el tratamiento del Presupuesto Nacional. Sin embargo, los procedimientos establecidos se han cumplido, en la mayor parte de los casos, sólo de manera formal. Esta situación se produce a pesar de la presencia de condiciones que favorecerían el logro de acuerdos intertemporales para aumentar la calidad del proceso presupuestario, como ser la posibilidad de coordinación entre actores claves – especialmente entre los principales legisladores integrantes de la Comisión de Presupuesto y Hacienda de ambas Cámaras, quienes, en oposición a la visión general, cuentan con experiencia y conocimientos presupuestarios, y los funcionarios de la Secretaría de Hacienda –, así como la realización en reiteradas ocasiones del proceso de aprobación del Presupuesto Nacional. Sin embargo, la lógica del esquema político-electoral vigente, con un presidencialismo fuerte, líderes políticos provinciales con un importante protagonismo e influencia sobre los legisladores nacionales, sumado a la dinámica de funcionamiento interna del parlamento, con fuerte peso de los bloques partidarios en la toma de decisión y los acuerdos a lograr, son factores que contribuyen a disminuir el rol del Congreso en el proceso presupuestario. En esta investigación se analiza el desempeño del Congreso en todas las etapas del proceso presupuestario, considerando que, a lo largo del ciclo presupuestario pueden identificarse los factores que condicionan y explican su participación.

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/pe/papers/0508/0508013.pdf
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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Public Economics with number 0508013.

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Length: 70 pages
Date of creation: 23 Aug 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwppe:0508013
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 70
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://128.118.178.162

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  1. Alberto F. Alesina & Roberto Perotti, 1999. "Budget Deficits and Budget Institutions," NBER Chapters, in: Fiscal Institutions and Fiscal Performance, pages 13-36 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Mark Hallerberg & Jurgen von Hagen, 1997. "Electoral Institutions, Cabinet Negotiations, and Budget Deficits in the European Union," NBER Working Papers 6341, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Mariano Tommasi & Pablo T. Spiller, 2000. "The Institutional Foundations of Public Policy: A Transactions Approach with Application to Argentina," Working Papers 29, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised May 2000.
  4. Oecd, 2001. "OECD Best Practices for Budget Transparency," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 1(3), pages 7-14.
  5. Martin Mühleisen & Kornélia Krajnyák & Stephan Danninger & David Hauner & Bennett Sutton, 2005. "How Do Canadian Budget Forecasts Compare with Those of Other Industrial Countries?," IMF Working Papers 05/66, International Monetary Fund.
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