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Wage and public expenditure setting in a monetary union

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  • Nicola Acocella

    (University of Rome La Sapienza)

  • Giovanni Di Bartolomeo

    (University of Rome La Sapienza and University of Antwerp UFSIA RUCA)

Abstract

European countries have progressively integrated from the point of view of trade and investment and have a common currency now. However, labour market and fiscal institutions have largely retained their national status. The aim of this paper is to examine: a) the possibility for trade unions of internalising external effects stemming from wage setting in a national context; b) the possibility for governments of internalising macroeconomic spillovers deriving from public expenditure at a national level; c) the interactions between fiscal and monetary authorities. We have found a certain gain in terms of employment only when unions co-operate and we are in a regime where the impact of domestic prices on employment through the terms of trade is higher than the impact of domestic prices on employment through the CPI; in this case, a gain in terms also of inflation may take place. In the case of co-operation between governments gains may accrue only in terms of employment or inflation to one or the other country, if the weights put by the governments on price stability are different. This occurs because the central bank, whose overriding objective is price stability, neutralises any rise in the price levels (as well as the positive effects on employment) deriving from the rise in the government expenditures of both countries that take place as a consequence of governments’ co-operation. This paper partially answers recent concern for considering multi-player contexts and asymmetries in open economy analyses. Here, in fact, several kinds of partial coalitions and the effects of asymmetries in players' preferences are studied.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicola Acocella & Giovanni Di Bartolomeo, 2001. "Wage and public expenditure setting in a monetary union," Macroeconomics 0105002, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0105002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Nicola Acocella & Giovanni Bartolomeo, 2004. "Is a Conservative Central Banker a (Perfect) Substitute for Wage Coordination?," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 31(2), pages 281-294, June.
    2. Acocella, Nicola & Di Bartolomeo, Giovanni, 2004. "Non-neutrality of monetary policy in policy games," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 695-707, September.
    3. Moïse Sidiropoulos & Eleftherios Spyromitros, 2006. "Fiscal Policy in a Monetary Union Under Alternative Labour-Market Structures," Working Papers of BETA 2006-25, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    4. Bas van Aarle & Jacob Engwerda & Joseph Plasmans, 2002. "Monetary and Fiscal Policy Interaction in the EMU: A Dynamic Game Approach," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 109(1), pages 229-264, January.
    5. Floro Ernesto Caroleo, 2000. "Le politiche per l'occupazione in Europa: una tassonomia istituzionale," STUDI ECONOMICI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2000(71).
    6. Tomasz Michalak & Jacob Engwerda & Joseph Plasmans, 2009. "Strategic Interactions between Fiscal and Monetary Authorities in a Multi-Country New-Keynesian Model of a Monetary Union," CESifo Working Paper Series 2534, CESifo Group Munich.
    7. Blandine ZIMMER, 2005. "Coordination des négociations salariales en UEM : un rôle majeur pour la BCE," Working Papers of BETA 2005-09, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
    8. Nicola Acocella & Giovanni Di Bartolomeo, 2001. "Partisanship and fiscal policy co-ordination in a monetary union," Macroeconomics 0106003, EconWPA.
    9. Nicola Acocella & Giovanni Di Bartolomeo, 2002. "Sindacati, non neutralitˆ della moneta e giochi di politica economica," Moneta e Credito, Economia civile, vol. 55(219), pages 263-277.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary union; policy co-ordination; unions; public expenditure; policy games;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E64 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Incomes Policy; Price Policy
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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