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Designing and Using Experiential Exercises

Author

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  • JS Armstrong

    (The Wharton School - University of Pennsylvania)

Abstract

Experiential learning refers to learning which uses the learner’s experience as a base. This definition implies an active and personal approach to learning. A more operational definition is provided below. While experiential learning has been gaining rapidly in popularity, the evidence on its value is mixed. Wolfe [1] presents evidence suggesting that experiential learning is not superior to traditional methods for transmitting knowledge. Similar results were found by Cherryholmes [2] in a survey of what would appear to be experiential methods; participants did not learn more facts, nor did they retain more facts, nor did they develop more critical thinking abilities. On the other hand, the participants did report more interest in the subject and there was more attitude change. Rather than asking whether experiential learning is superior, one might recast the question in terms of when experiential learning is superior. This paper describes the conditions under which experiential learning is useful. This description is followed by a discussion of how to design an experiential exercise. It concludes with suggestions on how experiential learning may be introduced into current educational systems. Relevant empirical literature is described.

Suggested Citation

  • JS Armstrong, 2004. "Designing and Using Experiential Exercises," General Economics and Teaching 0412022, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpgt:0412022
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 9
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    File URL: https://econwpa.ub.uni-muenchen.de/econ-wp/get/papers/0412/0412022.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Armstrong, J. Scott & C., Michael, 1972. "A Comparative Study of Methods for Long-Range Market Forecasting," MPRA Paper 81673, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. JS Armstrong, 2004. "The Panalba Role Playing Case," General Economics and Teaching 0412029, EconWPA.
    3. J. Scott Armstrong & Michael C. Grohman, 1972. "A Comparative Study of Methods for Long-Range Market Forecasting," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 19(2), pages 211-221, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. JS Armstrong, 2004. "Teacher vs. Learner Responsibility in Management Education," General Economics and Teaching 0412020, EconWPA.
    2. JS Armstrong, 2004. "The Natural Learning Project," General Economics and Teaching 0412021, EconWPA.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    experiential exercises; experiential learning; learning; education;

    JEL classification:

    • A - General Economics and Teaching

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