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Commercial Bank Risk Management: An Analysis of the Process

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  • Anthony M. Santomero

Abstract

Throughout the past year, on-site visits to financial service firms were conducted to review and evaluate their financial risk management systems. The commercial banking analysis covered a number of North American super-regionals and quasi-money center institutions as well as several firms outside the U.S. The information obtained covered both the philosophy and practice of financial risk management. This paper outlines the results of this investigation. It reports the state of risk management techniques in the industry. It reports the standard of practice and evaluates how and why it is conducted in the particular way chosen. In addition, critiques are offered where appropriate. We discuss the problems which the industry finds most difficult to address, shortcomings of the current methodology used to analyze risk, and the elements that are missing in the current procedures of risk management.

Suggested Citation

  • Anthony M. Santomero, 1997. "Commercial Bank Risk Management: An Analysis of the Process," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 95-11, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:pennin:95-11
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    File URL: http://fic.wharton.upenn.edu/fic/papers/95/9511.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Wissem Bouaziz & Abdelfettah Bouri, 2012. "Ownership structure and financial institutes risk taking: evidence from Tunisian quoted bank (financial institute)," International Journal of Managerial and Financial Accounting, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 4(1), pages 47-60.
    2. Sree Rama Murthy Y, 2013. "Logit Regression Approach to Rating Banks Using Financial Ratios: A Study of Gulf Cooperation Council Banks," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 4(4), pages 107-117, October.
    3. Ghosh, Saibal, 2010. "Credit Growth, Bank Soundness and Financial Fragility: Evidence from Indian Banking Sector," MPRA Paper 24715, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Ramos-Tallada, Julio, 2015. "Bank risks, monetary shocks and the credit channel in Brazil: Identification and evidence from panel data," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 135-161.
    5. Ahmed, Habib, 2011. "Risk Management Assessment Systems: An Application to Islamic Banks," Islamic Economic Studies, The Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI), vol. 19, pages 63-86.
    6. Mun, Kyung-Chun, 2016. "Hedging bank market risk with futures and forwards," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 112-125.
    7. Allen, Franklin & Santomero, Anthony M., 1997. "The theory of financial intermediation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(11-12), pages 1461-1485, December.
    8. Peter F. Christoffersen & Francis X. Diebold, 2000. "How Relevant is Volatility Forecasting for Financial Risk Management?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(1), pages 12-22, February.
    9. A Das & S Ghosh, 2007. "Determinants of Credit Risk in Indian State-owned Banks: An Empirical Investigation," Economic Issues Journal Articles, Economic Issues, vol. 12(2), pages 27-46, September.
    10. Scott D. Aguais & Anthony M. Santomero, 1997. "Incorporating New Fixed Income Approaches into Commercial Loan Valuation," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 98-06, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
    11. Cummins, J. David & Lalonde, David & Phillips, Richard D., 2004. "The basis risk of catastrophic-loss index securities," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 77-111, January.
    12. Catalin SABAU, 2013. "New Challenges Of Risk Management In Banks In The Globalisation Context," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 3, pages 182-189, June.
    13. Mirzaei, Ali, 2011. "The Effect of Market Power on Stability and Performance of Islamic and Conventional Banks," Islamic Economic Studies, The Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI), vol. 18, pages 51-89.
    14. Mohd Amin, Nurlida, 2017. "The Relationship Between Risk and Performance in Bank," MPRA Paper 78334, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Mun, Kyung-Chun & Emir Morgan, George, 2003. "Bank foreign exchange and interest rate risk management: simultaneous versus separate hedging strategies," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 277-297, July.
    16. Natalia Konovalova & Ineta Kristovska & Marina Kudinska, 2016. "Credit Risk Management In Commercial Banks," Polish Journal of Management Studies, Czestochowa Technical University, Department of Management, vol. 13(2), pages 90-100, June.
    17. Eric Dei Ofosu-Hene & Peter Amoh, 2016. "Risk Management and Performance of Listed Banks in Ghana," European Journal of Business Science and Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics, vol. 2(2), pages 107-121, December.
    18. George S. Oldfield & Anthony M. Santomero, 1997. "The Place of Risk Management in Financial Institutions," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 95-05, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
    19. Iulia Andreea Bucur & Simona Elena Dragomirescu, 2014. "The Influence Of Macroeconomic Conditions On Credit Risk: Case Of Romanian Banking System," Studies and Scientific Researches. Economics Edition, "Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau, Faculty of Economic Sciences, issue 19.
    20. Treacy, William F. & Carey, Mark, 2000. "Credit risk rating systems at large US banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 167-201, January.
    21. Vicente Salas & Jesús Saurina, 2002. "Credit Risk in Two Institutional Regimes: Spanish Commercial and Savings Banks," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 22(3), pages 203-224, December.
    22. Mwinlaaru, Peter Yeltulme & Ofori, Isaac Kwesi & Adiyiah, Kwadwo Agyeman & Idun, Anthony Adu-Asare, 2016. "Non-Performing Loans and Universal Bank’s Profitability," MPRA Paper 82902, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior

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