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The Full Impact of Energy Efficiency on Households' Energy Demand

Listed author(s):
  • Kurt Kratena


  • Michael Wüger


This paper deals with technical progress in the energy efficiency of US households' capital stock (appliances and passenger cars) and its potential for energy saving. An increase in the energy efficiency of households can only be achieved via a different capital stock. The link between the average energy efficiency and the stock of energy-using durables is econometrically estimated based on a new data set of household appliances and passenger cars. This relationship complements a Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System (QUAIDS) for six consumption categories (non-durables), including heating, electricity and transport. Any increase in energy efficiency lowers the corresponding "service" price and leads to a "rebound effect". A simulation exercise shows how the ceteris paribus-rebound effect is changed by taking into account the capital costs and other interdependencies and feedbacks that can only be captured by a full model of household demand.

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Paper provided by WIFO in its series WIFO Working Papers with number 356.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 18 Feb 2010
Handle: RePEc:wfo:wpaper:y:2010:i:356
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  1. Jose Luengo-Prado, Maria, 2006. "Durables, nondurables, down payments and consumption excesses," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(7), pages 1509-1539, October.
  2. Sue Wing, Ian, 2006. "Representing induced technological change in models for climate policy analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(5-6), pages 539-562, November.
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