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Business environment, clustering, and industry location : evidence from Indian cities

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  • Lall, Somik V.
  • Mengistae, Taye

Abstract

How do differences in the local business environment influence location of industry within countries? How do the benefits of a good business environment compare with those from good market access and agglomeration economies from industry clustering? The authors examine these questions by analyzing location decisions of individual firms. Using data from a recently completed survey of manufacturing firms in India, they find that both the local business environment and agglomeration economies significantly influence business location choices across cities. In particular, excessive regulation of labor and of other industrial activities reduces the probability of a business locating in a city. The authors'findings imply that in order to attract industrial activity, smaller or remoter cities need to offer even more attractive policy concessions or reforms to offset the effects of their relatively adverse (economic) geography. Their methodology pays special attention to the identification of agglomeration economies in the presence of unobserved sources of natural advantage.

Suggested Citation

  • Lall, Somik V. & Mengistae, Taye, 2005. "Business environment, clustering, and industry location : evidence from Indian cities," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3675, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3675
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    Cited by:

    1. Dilip Saikia, 2016. "Location Pattern of Unorganised Manufacturing Industries in India: A District-level View," Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research, National Council of Applied Economic Research, vol. 10(2), pages 225-263, May.
    2. Sabyasachi Tripathi, 2013. "Do Large Agglomerations Lead To Economic Growth? Evidence From Urban India," Review of Urban & Regional Development Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(3), pages 176-200, November.
    3. Sabyasachi TRIPATHI, 2014. "Estimating Urban Agglomeration Economies for India: A New Economic Geography Perspective," Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 9(2), pages 5-34, May.
    4. Sabyasachi TRIPATHI, 2017. "How To Develop An Equitable Distribution Of Urban Gdp By Smart City Development In India," Regional Science Inquiry, Hellenic Association of Regional Scientists, vol. 0(2), pages 131-146, December.
    5. Tripathi, Sabyasachi, 2015. "Do upcoming “Smart cities” need to provide smart distribution of higher urban economic growth? Evidence from Urban India," MPRA Paper 61527, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. World Bank, 2007. "Bangladesh : Strategy for Sustained Growth, Volume 1. Summary Report," World Bank Publications - Reports 7765, The World Bank Group.
    7. Chiara BROCCOLINI & Alessia LO TURCO & Andrea PRESBITERO & Stefano STAFFOLANI, 2007. "International Outsourcing vs. ICT in explaining the wage gap in Italian Manufacturing," Working Papers 299, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.

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