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The impact of business environment and economic geography on plant-level productivity : an analysis of Indian industry

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  • Lall, Somik V.
  • Mengistae, Taye

Abstract

The authors'analysis of manufacturing plants sampled from India's major industrial centers shows large productivity gaps across cities. The gaps partly reflect differences in agglomeration economies and in market access. However, they are also explained to a greater extent by differences in the degree of labor regulation and in the severity of power shortages. This is an indication that governments can help narrow regional disparities in industrial growth by fostering the"right business environment"in locations where industry might otherwise be held back by powerful forces of economic geography. There is indeed a pattern in the data whereby geographically disadvantaged cities seem to compensate partially for their natural disadvantage by having a better business environment than more geographically advantaged locations.

Suggested Citation

  • Lall, Somik V. & Mengistae, Taye, 2005. "The impact of business environment and economic geography on plant-level productivity : an analysis of Indian industry," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3664, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3664
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    3. Azam Chaudhry, 2010. "A Panel Data Analysis of Electricity Demand in Pakistan," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 15(Special E), pages 75-106, September.
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    5. Nidhiya Menon, 2010. "Obstacles to Business, Technology Use, and Firms with Female Principal Owners in Kenya," Working Papers 20, Brandeis University, Department of Economics and International Businesss School.
    6. Sridhar, Kala Seetharam & Wan, Guanghua, 2010. "Firm location choice in cities: Evidence from China, India, and Brazil," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 113-122, March.
    7. Samyukta Bhupatiraju, 2020. "Multi-level Determinants of Inward FDI Ownership," Journal of Quantitative Economics, Springer;The Indian Econometric Society (TIES), vol. 18(2), pages 327-358, June.
    8. Mukim, Megha, 2011. "Industry and the urge to cluster: a study of the informal sector in India," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 33592, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    9. Ghani, Ejaz & Kerr, William R. & Tewari, Ishani, 2014. "Regional diversity and inclusive growth in Indian cities," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6919, The World Bank.
    10. Megha Mukim, 2015. "Coagglomeration of formal and informal industry: evidence from India," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(2), pages 329-351.
    11. Ghani, Ejaz & Kerr, William R. & O'Connell, Stephen D., 2013. "The exceptional persistence of India's unorganized sector," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6454, The World Bank.
    12. Sabyasachi TRIPATHI & Shamika KUMAR, 2017. "Determinants Of Firm Location Choice In Large Cities In India: A Binary Logit Model Analysis," Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 12(3), pages 45-62, April.
    13. Ahsan, Ahmad & Pagés, Carmen, 2009. "Are all labor regulations equal? Evidence from Indian manufacturing," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 62-75, March.
    14. Ghani, Ejaz & Kerr, William R. & Tewari, Ishani, 2013. "Specialization, diversity, and Indian manufacturing growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6648, The World Bank.
    15. Kinda, Tidiane, 2010. "Investment Climate and FDI in Developing Countries: Firm-Level Evidence," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 498-513, April.
    16. Nidhiya Menon, 2015. "Gender And Technology Use In Developing Countries: Evidence From Firms In Kenya," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 40(3), pages 105-140, September.
    17. Ghani, Ejaz & Goswami, Arti Grover & Kerr, William R., 2014. "Spatial dynamics of electricity usage in India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7055, The World Bank.
    18. Tripathi, Sabyasachi & Kumar, Shamika, 2016. "Determinants of firm location choice in metropolitan cities in India: A binary Logit model analysis," MPRA Paper 73995, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Joshi, Deepika & Nepal, Bimal & Rathore, Ajay Pal Singh & Sharma, Dipti, 2013. "On supply chain competitiveness of Indian automotive component manufacturing industry," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 143(1), pages 151-161.
    20. Dirk Holtbrügge & Carina B. Friedmann, 2016. "Does location choice affect foreign subsidiary success in India? An empirical study based on Porter's diamond model," International Journal of Business and Emerging Markets, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 8(1), pages 3-29.

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