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Diversity matters - the economic geography of industry location in India

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  • Lall, Somik V.*Jun Koo*Chakravorty, Sanjoy

Abstract

How does economic geography influence industrial production and thereby affect industrial location decisions and the spatial distribution of development? For manufacturing industry, what are the externalities that matter, and to what extent? Are these externalities spatially localized? The authors answer these questions by analyzing the influence of economic geography on the cost structure of manufacturing firms by firm size for eight industry sectors in India. The economic geography factors include market access and local and urban externalities-which are concentrations of own-industry firms, concentrations of buyer-supplier links, and industrial diversity at the district (local) level. The authors find that industrial diversity is the only economic geography variable that has a significant, consistent, and substantial cost-reducing effect for firms, particularly small firms. This finding calls into question the fundamental assumptions regarding localization economies and raises further concerns on the industrial development prospects of lagging regions in developing countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Lall, Somik V.*Jun Koo*Chakravorty, Sanjoy, 2003. "Diversity matters - the economic geography of industry location in India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3072, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3072
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    Cited by:

    1. Somik V. Lall & Elizabeth Schroeder & Emily Schmidt, 2014. "Identifying Spatial Efficiency-Equity Trade-offs in Territorial Development Policies: Evidence from Uganda," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(12), pages 1717-1733, December.
    2. Sridhar, Kala Seetharam & Wan, Guanghua, 2010. "Firm location choice in cities: Evidence from China, India, and Brazil," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 113-122, March.
    3. Henry Overman & Anthony J. Venables, 2005. "Cities in the Developing World," CEP Discussion Papers dp0695, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    4. John M. Quigley, 2008. "Urbanization, Agglomeration, and Economic Development," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 28042.
    5. John S Henley, 2004. "Chasing the dragon: accounting for the under-performance of India by comparison with China in attracting foreign direct investment," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(7), pages 1039-1052.
    6. Lall, Somik V. & Funderburg, Richard & Yepes, Tito, 2003. "Location, concentration, and performance of economic activity in Brazil," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3268, The World Bank.
    7. Singh, Nirvikar, 2007. "Fiscal Federalism and Decentralization in India∗," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt11b543tk, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
    8. Efraim Benmelech & Mark J. Garmaise & Tobias J. Moskowitz, 2005. "Do Liquidation Values Affect Financial Contracts? Evidence from Commercial Loan Contracts and Zoning Regulation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 120(3), pages 1121-1154.
    9. Gilles Duranton, 2007. "From cities to productivity and growth in developing countries," Working Papers tecipa-306, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    10. Overman, Henry G. & Venables, Anthnony J., 2010. "Evolving City Systems," WIDER Working Paper Series 026, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    11. Dirk Holtbrügge & Carina B. Friedmann, 2016. "Does location choice affect foreign subsidiary success in India? An empirical study based on Porter's diamond model," International Journal of Business and Emerging Markets, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 8(1), pages 3-29.

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    Keywords

    Banks&Banking Reform; Water and Industry; Environmental Economics&Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Municipal Financial Management;

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