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Monetary policy during transition : an overview


  • De Melo, Martha
  • Denizer, Cevdet


In this paper, the authors examine monetary policy in 26 transition economies in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Former Soviet Union (FSU) between 1989-1994. They provide a schema for classifying the use of 6 important monetary policy instruments, both direct and indirect, and suggest criteria for defining market-oriented use of these instruments. They assess the extent of market-oriented instruments use during the period under review and around stabilization. The impact of instrument use on inflation and financial depth, which declined dramatically during the transition's early years, is also explored. The authors indicate several clear patterns. Among them, by the end of 1994, slightly less than half the countries were relying primarily on market-oriented forms of monetary instruments and had moderate or low reliance on such instruments. Countries quickly formulating a monetary policy response were more likely to switch to market-oriented instruments. Second, CEE countries moved more rapidly than FSU countries towards these forms, even when stage of stabilization is controlled for. Third, using credit ceilings appeared helpful in the year of stabilization, especially in CEE countries; the elimination of these controls was associated with effective stabilization. The authors conclude that monetary stability goes hand in hand with adjustment in the real sectors. Generally, the relatively weak link between market orientation of instruments and indicat effective suggests thst inflation control and financial depth are more directly related to policy stance, which is in turn related to broader structural reforms.

Suggested Citation

  • De Melo, Martha & Denizer, Cevdet, 1997. "Monetary policy during transition : an overview," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1706, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:1706

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Randolph Luca Bruno & Elodie Douarin & Julia Korosteleva & Slavo Radosevic, 2014. "Technology choices and growth: testing and expanding the propositions of new structural economics in transition economies," UCL SSEES Economics and Business working paper series 127, UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES), revised Oct 2014.
    2. Stijn Claessens & Daniel Oks & Rossana Polastri, 2000. "Capital Flows to Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union," NBER Chapters,in: Capital Flows and the Emerging Economies: Theory, Evidence, and Controversies, pages 299-339 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Barlow, David, 2010. "How did structural reform influence inflation in transition economies?," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 198-210, June.


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