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Economic Integration in Europe and Income Divergence over EU Regions (1995 – 2006)


  • S. Ghosh
  • G. Faber


This paper tests the question whether the integration process in the EU has contributed to the often-observed growing dispersion of income over the regions of the EU, in the presence of convergence between the member states. We do this by introducing price convergence as an indicator of integration and controlling for the concentration of skilled labour and allowing for path dependency. Our main findings are in line with the expectations of the New Economic Geography School in that integration does contribute to the growing regional inequality in the EU. Price convergence is a significant explanatory variable even after the introduction of a time lag in the dependent variable.

Suggested Citation

  • S. Ghosh & G. Faber, 2010. "Economic Integration in Europe and Income Divergence over EU Regions (1995 – 2006)," Working Papers 10-19, Utrecht School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:use:tkiwps:1019

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Andres RodrIguez-Pose & Ugo Fratesi†, 2004. "Between Development and Social Policies: The Impact of European Structural Funds in Objective 1 Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(1), pages 97-113.
    2. Karen Helene Midelfart-Knarvik & Henry G. Overman, 2002. "Delocation and European integration: is structural spending justified?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 17(35), pages 321-359, October.
    3. Dan Ben-David, 1993. "Equalizing Exchange: Trade Liberalization and Income Convergence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 653-679.
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    Economic integration; Regional inequality; European Union;

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