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New insights on empirical conflicting claims problems

Author

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  • Giménez Gómez, José M. (José Manuel)
  • Blanco Gil, Carmen
  • Sánchez García, Juan Francisco

Abstract

The present paper analyses the between-context uniformity in conflicting claims problems (O'Neill, 1982) by means of a questionnaire study that has been expressly designed with the aim of combining the strengths and avoid the weaknesses of those found in the related literature (Gaertner and Schokkaert, 2012). Furthermore, we include the following main features that, to the best of our knowledge, have not been jointly considered previously. Firstly, the sample is not restricted to degree students looking for improving its representativeness. Secondly, the contexts are accurately defined with the aim of providing all the needed information without leaving room to personal interpretation. Thirdly, a general explanation of each proposed fairness criterion is accompanied by its application to two different problems in order to encourage respondents to focus not just on one outcome but on the general principle underlying it. Fourthly, we do not only ask about the fairest criterion but also about the perception of each one being fair. Finally, the agents' wealth status quo is considered in order to obtain some evidence about both the role of solidarity as a basis of distributive justice and the support for the existence of a universal basic income. Keywords: Conflicting claims problems; fair allocation; social questionnaires JEL classification: D63

Suggested Citation

  • Giménez Gómez, José M. (José Manuel) & Blanco Gil, Carmen & Sánchez García, Juan Francisco, 2016. "New insights on empirical conflicting claims problems," Working Papers 2072/261530, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:urv:wpaper:2072/261530
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. José-Manuel Giménez-Gómez & Jordi Teixidó-Figueras & Cori Vilella, 2016. "The global carbon budget: a conflicting claims problem," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 136(3), pages 693-703, June.
    2. Hougaard, Jens Leth & Moreno-Ternero, Juan D. & Østerdal, Lars Peter, 2012. "A unifying framework for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 107-114.
    3. Moulin, Herve, 2002. "Axiomatic cost and surplus sharing," Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare,in: K. J. Arrow & A. K. Sen & K. Suzumura (ed.), Handbook of Social Choice and Welfare, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 6, pages 289-357 Elsevier.
    4. Moreno-Ternero, Juan D. & Roemer, John E., 2012. "A common ground for resource and welfare egalitarianism," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 832-841.
    5. Carmen Herrero & Juan Moreno-Ternero & Giovanni Ponti, 2010. "On the adjudication of conflicting claims: an experimental study," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 34(1), pages 145-179, January.
    6. Thomson, William, 2015. "Axiomatic and game-theoretic analysis of bankruptcy and taxation problems: An update," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 41-59.
    7. Simon Gächter & Arno Riedl, 2006. "Dividing Justly in Bargaining Problems with Claims," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 27(3), pages 571-594, December.
    8. Schokkaert, Erik & Capeau, Bart, 1991. "Interindividual Differences in Opinions about Distributive Justice," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(3), pages 325-345.
    9. Aumann, Robert J. & Maschler, Michael, 1985. "Game theoretic analysis of a bankruptcy problem from the Talmud," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 195-213, August.
    10. Kristof Bosmans & Erik Schokkaert, 2009. "Equality preference in the claims problem: a questionnaire study of cuts in earnings and pensions," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 33(4), pages 533-557, November.
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    Keywords

    Justícia distributiva; 33 - Economia;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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