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The governance of global value chains, the state, and small businesses: The case of timber in Myanmar

Author

Listed:
  • John Rand
  • Paula Castro Rodriguez
  • Finn Tarp
  • Neda Trifkovi?

Abstract

We use the case of the timber industry in Myanmar to analyse how national regulatory frameworks and international ecological discourses affect forest management and small businesses. The state plays two roles in the timber industry in Myanmar: it is the main producer and legal source of raw timber for the private sector; and it regulates timber extraction and the legality of operation of private sector firms. The state seeks a balance between forest conservation as a public policy objective and providing enough raw timber for the private sector.

Suggested Citation

  • John Rand & Paula Castro Rodriguez & Finn Tarp & Neda Trifkovi?, 2019. "The governance of global value chains, the state, and small businesses: The case of timber in Myanmar," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2019-78, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp-2019-78
    as

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    File URL: https://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/Publications/Working-paper/PDF/wp-2019-78.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Li, Lingchao & Liu, Jinlong & Long, Hexing & de Jong, Wil & Youn, Yeo-Chang, 2017. "Economic globalization, trade and forest transition-the case of nine Asian countries," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 7-13.
    2. Adrian Smith & John Pickles & Milan Bucek & Rudolf Pástor & Bob Begg, 2014. "The political economy of global production networks: regional industrial change and differential upgrading in the East European clothing industry," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(6), pages 1023-1051.
    3. Wolfersberger, Julien & Delacote, Philippe & Garcia, Serge, 2015. "An empirical analysis of forest transition and land-use change in developing countries," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 241-251.
    4. Khalid Nadvi & John T. Thoburn & Bui Tat Thang & Nguyen Thi Thanh Ha & Nguyen Thi Hoa & Dao Hong Le & Enrique Blanco De Armas, 2004. "Vietnam in the global garment and textile value chain: impacts on firms and workers," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(1), pages 111-123.
    5. Kyaw Myo Linn & Wu Cheng Liang, 2015. "Analysis of Forest Policy in Myanmar," International Journal of Sciences, Office ijSciences, vol. 4(03), pages 16-28, March.
    6. Andersson, Krister P. & Gibson, Clark C. & Lehoucq, Fabrice, 2006. "Municipal politics and forest governance: Comparative analysis of decentralization in Bolivia and Guatemala," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 576-595, March.
    7. Andersson, Krister P., 2004. "Who Talks with Whom? The Role of Repeated Interactions in Decentralized Forest Governance," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 233-249, February.
    8. Stephanie BARRIENTOS & Gary GEREFFI & Arianna ROSSI, 2011. "Economic and social upgrading in global production networks: A new paradigm for a changing world," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 150(3-4), pages 319-340, December.
    9. Khalid Nadvi, 2008. "Global standards, global governance and the organization of global value chains," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(3), pages 323-343, May.
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    Keywords

    Timber; Wood; Forestry; State; Industrial policy; Myanmar;

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