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Does Micro Finance Institution Improve Welfare? A Double Difference Analysis of Indonesian Community-level Data


  • Heriyaldi

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

  • Arief Anshory Yusuf

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)


Using a longitudinal community-level data of Indonesia, we test whether a presence of 5 different microfinance institutions (MFI) within a community has contributed to the improvement in the welfare (as measured by per capita expenditure) of the community's population. Applying the Difference-in-Difference analysis to this data, we find that direct access to MFI through its presence in the community has an impact only in rural areas. We find no evidences that direct access to MFI in urban area improves household welfare. Moreover, among the 5 different MFI in rural areas,we find evidence of an impact only for two micro finance institutions namely Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI) and Bank Perkreditan Rakyat (BPR). This finding suggests that BRI, as the largest and most successful state-owned micro finance institution in Indonesia, should maintain its orientation in rural banking services.

Suggested Citation

  • Heriyaldi & Arief Anshory Yusuf, 2013. "Does Micro Finance Institution Improve Welfare? A Double Difference Analysis of Indonesian Community-level Data," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 201307, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised Mar 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:unp:wpaper:201307

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Paul Gertler & David I. Levine & Enrico Moretti, 2009. "Do microfinance programs help families insure consumption against illness?," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(3), pages 257-273.
    2. DeLoach, Stephen B. & Lamanna, Erika, 2011. "Measuring the Impact of Microfinance on Child Health Outcomes in Indonesia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 1808-1819.
    3. Seibel, Hans Dieter, 2000. "How an Agricultural Development Bank Revolutionized Rural Finance: The Case of Bank Rakyat Indonesia," Working Papers 2000,1, University of Cologne, Development Research Center.
    4. Patten, Richard H. & Rosengard, Jay k. & Johnston, Don JR., 2001. "Microfinance Success Amidst Macroeconomic Failure: The Experience of Bank Rakyat Indonesia During the East Asian Crisis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 1057-1069, June.
    5. Jay K. ROSENGARD & A. PRASETYANTOKO, 2011. "If the Banks are Doing So Well, Why Can't I Get a Loan? Regulatory Constraints to Financial Inclusion in Indonesia," Asian Economic Policy Review, Japan Center for Economic Research, vol. 6(2), pages 273-296, December.
    6. Shahidur Khandker & Hussain Samad & Zahed Khan, 1998. "Income and employment effects of micro-credit programmes: Village-level evidence from Bangladesh," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(2), pages 96-124.
    7. Mosley, Paul & Hulme, David, 1998. "Microenterprise finance: Is there a conflict between growth and poverty alleviation?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 783-790, May.
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    More about this item


    Micro Finance Institutions; Difference-in-Difference; IFLS; Indonesia;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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