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Health, education and endogenous growth

Author

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  • Zon, A.H. van
  • Muysken, J.

    (MERIT)

Abstract

The purpose of the paper is to show that, from a growth perspective, government resources can be spent in two different ways. Resources can be allocated to uses which support growth, and to uses which generate growth. We take the provision of health services as an example of the first type of use, and the provision of educational services as an example of the second. This enables us to integrate both types of uses of scarce resources in an endogenous growth framework and to derive the optimum mix of the provision of health and educational services both from the perspective of health as a complement to growth and health as a substitute for growth. The model illustrates that there is a trade-off between growth as such and the provision of health-services. It also shows that a slow down in growth could be expected to occur when the preference for health is positively influenced by a growing income per head or in the case of an ageing population. Finally, we show that the model can account for a ’growth take off’ in countries which are too poor to save, and that this take off can be induced by ’just the right’ amount of income transfer to those countries : too little aid doesn’t seem to help at all, while too much aid unnecessarily burdens the long term solvability of the receiving country if aid is provided in the form of loans.

Suggested Citation

  • Zon, A.H. van & Muysken, J., 1997. "Health, education and endogenous growth," Research Memorandum 006, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:umamer:1997006
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    File URL: https://www.merit.unu.edu/publications/rmpdf/1997/rm1997-006.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert J. Barro, 2013. "Inflation and Economic Growth," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 14(1), pages 121-144, May.
    2. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 71-102, October.
    3. Victor R. Fuchs, 1982. "Time Preference and Health: An Exploratory Study," NBER Chapters,in: Economic Aspects of Health, pages 93-120 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Muurinen, Jaana-Marja, 1982. "Demand for health: A generalised Grossman model," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 5-28, May.
    5. Michael Grossman, 1972. "The Demand for Health: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number gros72-1.
    6. Ehrlich, Isaac & Chuma, Hiroyuki, 1990. "A Model of the Demand for Longevity and the Value of Life Extension," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(4), pages 761-782, August.
    7. Forster, Bruce A, 1989. "Optimal Health Investment Strategies," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(1), pages 45-57, January.
    8. Johansson, Per-Olov & Lofgren, Karl-Gustaf, 1995. "Wealth from optimal health," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 65-79, May.
    9. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Stefano Bosi & Thierry Laurent, 2008. "Health, Growth and Welfare: Why Put Public Money on Medical R&D?," Documents de recherche 08-18, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
    2. Xavier Pautrel, 2009. "Health-enhancing activities and the environment:How competition for resources make the environmental policy beneficial," Working Papers hal-00423323, HAL.

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    Keywords

    economic development an growth ;

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